Telecommunications Overview Hong Kong has one of the most sophisticated and successful telecommunications markets in the world. This has been an important factor in Hong Kong's development as a leading business and financial centre. In 2014, the gross output of the telecommunications sector amounted to HK$89 billion and employed around 18 700 persons. All sectors of Hong Kong’s telecommunications market have been liberalised with no foreign ownership restrictions. The government’s objectives are to provide a level playing field in the telecommunications market and ensure that consumers get the best services available in terms of capacity, quality and price.
The Communications Authority The Communications Authority (CA) is an independent statutory body established under the Communications Authority Ordinance (Cap. 616) on 1 April 2012. It is a unified regulatory body overseeing the broadcasting and telecommunications sectors in Hong Kong. It comprises 10 non-officials from various sectors of the community and two public officers as members. It regulates the broadcasting and telecommunications industries in Hong Kong in accordance with the Communications Authority Ordinance, the Broadcasting Ordinance, the Broadcasting (Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance, the Telecommunications Ordinance, the Trade Descriptions Ordinance and the Competition Ordinance. It also enforces the Unsolicited Electronic Messages Ordinance. The Office of the Communications Authority (OFCA), the CA’s executive arm and secretariat, assists the CA in administering and enforcing the relevant ordinances governing the broadcasting and telecommunications sectors.
Local Fixed Carrier Services The local fixed carrier services market is fully liberalised. There is no pre-set limit on the number of licences issued, nor deadline for applications. Furthermore, there is no specific requirement on network rollout or investment. The level of investment is determined by the market. As at May 2016, there were 25 licensees permitted to provide local fixed carrier services on a competitive basis. They are PCCW-HKT Telephone Limited and Hong Kong Telecommunications (HKT) Limited, New World Telecommunications Limited, Wharf T&T Limited, Hutchison Global Communications Limited, Hong Kong Broadband Network Limited, Towngas Telecommunications Fixed Network Limited, ComNet Telecom (HK) Limited, TraxComm Limited, HKC Network Limited, Hong Kong Cable Television Limited, Reach Networks Hong Kong Limited and Reach Cable Networks Limited, Telstra International HK Limited and Telstra
International Limited, Verizon Hong Kong Limited, SmarTone Communications Limited, Vodafone Enterprise Global Network HK Limited, Hong Kong Telecommunications (HKT) Limited, China Mobile Hong Kong Company Limited, 21 ViaNet Group Limited, NTT Com Asia Limited, Equinix Hong Kong Limited, China Telecom Global Limited, TVB Network Vision Limited, PCCW Global (HK) Limited, Superloop (Hong Kong) Limited and China Unicom (Hong Kong) Operations Limited. As a result of open competition in the local fixed carrier services market, the active network rollout by fixed carriers since 1995 and the Government’s impetus to encourage further network rollout by the withdrawal of mandatory Type II interconnection policy at the end of June 2008, 86.7 per cent and 78.9 per cent of residential households were able to enjoy a choice of at least two and three local fixed networks respectively as at March 2015. Fixed-line users can make an unlimited number of calls within Hong Kong on payment of a fixed monthly charge. With the emergence of new technologies, Internet protocol telephony services are also available in the market. Further, under the unified carrier licence jointly held by PCCW-HKT Telephone Limited and Hong Kong Telecommunications (HKT) Limited, the licensee has a universal service obligation to provide a good, efficient and continuous basic service, including the provision of public switched telephone services to consumers anywhere in Hong Kong within a reasonable period