Humanitarian Bulletin - ReliefWeb

Feb 19, 2014 - Source: http://fts.unocha.org. Despite slight .... Volatility in the region could also impact durable solutions for displaced people. Baidoa, now the ...
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Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia January 2014 | Issued on 19 February 2014

In this issue Precarious humanitarian situation P.1

HIGHLIGHTS

Food security improves slightly P.2

 While there have been

Volatile operating environment P.3

incremental improvements,

Resource gaps flagged for 2014 P.4

the humanitarian situation remains fragile and needs

A boy receives polio vaccine during a vaccination campaign in Somaliland. Credit: Ohanesian/UNICEF Somalia

vast.  Recent findings show a slight increase in the number of

Despite slight improvements needs remain vast

severely malnourished

Only with sustained assistance can fragile gains be consolidated

children compared to six

Somalia’s humanitarian crisis remains among the largest and most complex in the world. Despite recent modest improvements in food security, an estimated 2.9 million people will need immediate life-saving and livelihood support in the next six months (compared to 3.2 million people in late 2013). Decades of internal conflict have also led to more than 1 million people living as displaced across the country, the majority in southern and central areas. Poor and inadequate basic social services also continue to undermine the resilience of the people. Sobering statistics show that Somalia is among the top five countries in the world when it comes to prevalence of child malnutrition and under-five mortality. One in seven children under the age of five, or 203,000 children, is estimated to be acutely malnourished. More than 50,000 of these children are severely malnourished and risk dying without sustained assistance – this number could double within the next six months. One in every 10 Somali children die before their first birthday and one of every 12 women die due to pregnancy related causes. Millions of Somalis remain vulnerable to disease outbreaks due to the absence of or weak state of health and water, sanitation and hygiene services. Only 30 per cent have safe access to water. There is no protective environment for vulnerable people particularly women, girls and children. As a result, gender-based violence and violations against children are common and the level of response provided to survivors is low.

months ago.  Possible military operations in key agricultural areas of southern and central Somalia could have multi-layered consequences.

FIGURES # of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis

857,000

# of people in stress

2m

# of acutely 203,000 malnourished children under age 5 Source: www.fsnau.org (January-June 2014 projection)

# of internally displaced people

1.1m

# of Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa and Yemen

1m

Source: UNHCR

Consolidated Appeal

FUNDING

933 million requested for 2014 (US$)

4% (36 million) (reported as of 18 Feb 2014) Source: http://fts.unocha.org

Incremental improvements in food security Close to 860,000 people still unable to meet most immediate food needs The number of people in “emergency and Evolution of food insecurity crisis” conditions has reduced to 857,000 People in crisis, emergency and famine from 870,000, according to recent data 5,000,000 Stressed released by the Food Security and Nutri4,000,000 tion Analysis Unit (FSNAU), managed by 3,000,000 the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organ2,000,000 ization and the Famine Early Warning Systems Network. The number of Soma1,000,000 lis in food security “stress” has also redu0 ced slightly to 2 million people from 2.3 Post Post Post Post Post Post Post Post Gu '10 Deyr Gu '11 Deyr Gu '12 Deyr ' Gu '13 Deyr million. Much of the incremental improve'10/11 '11/12 12/13 '13/14 ment is due to rapid and focused actions FSNAU. The graph includes internally displaced people who make of humanita