implementing right to information - Right2Info

Dec 2, 2004 - cal elites perceived that it is to their advantage to support the law in order to win political points ..... to establish democratic credentials and gain support and legitimacy both ...... The RaaG study, for instance, was funded by Google Founda- tion. 156. .... net/documents/who_uses_foia__cx.pdf. Department for ...
1MB Sizes 1 Downloads 93 Views
IMPLEMENTING RIGHT TO INFORMATION Lessons from Experience

ANUPAMA DOKENIYA

IMPLEMENTING RIGHT TO INFORMATION Lessons from Experience

Copyright © 2013 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank Group 1818 H Street, NW Washington, DC 20433, USA All rights reserved. First printing: February 2013 Manufactured in the United States of America. Cover photo credit: Curt Carnemark, World Bank The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this report are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, or its affiliated organizations, or to members of its board of executive directors or the countries they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility whatsoever for any consequence of their use. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this volume do not imply on the part of the World Bank Group any judgment on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.

Contents Abbreviations and Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Preface and Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii 1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.1

Background and Objectives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1

1.2

Assessing Effectiveness and Impact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

1.3

Explaining Outcomes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4

1.4

Organization of the Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

2 Institutions and Capacity for Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.1

Why Implementation Institutions are Important . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

2.2

Designating and Sustaining Oversight Agencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

2.3

Organizational Arrangements in Implementing Agencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

2.4

Request Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14

2.5

Performance Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15

2.6

Records Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

2.7

Proactive Disclosure and Open Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

2.8

Political Will for Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

3 Appeals and Enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.1

Rationale for Information Commissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19

3.2

Record on Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

3.3

Ensuring Independence and Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21