Implementing the right to education - unesdoc - Unesco

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United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

The Convention and the Recommendation celebrated their fifty-fifth anniversary in 2015. Both express the fundamental principles of non-discrimination and equality of educational opportunities enshrined in UNESCO’s Constitution.

This compendium seeks to provide an overview of promising measures taken to ensure equality of educational opportunities and non-discrimination, while also serving as a tool for information sharing and advocacy in connection with the right to education.

Education Sector United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

For more information: Website: www.unesco.org/education

A Compendium of practical examples

Since these fundamental principles were essential in the process of Education for All, the instruments have naturally become the cornerstone of this important domain. The Education 2030 development agenda will provide further opportunity to mobilise the Convention and the Recommendation in guiding Member States in the effective realization of the right to education.

Implementing the Right to Education

This publication is a compilation of practical examples of measures taken by Member States in implementing the provisions of the UNESCO Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education. These examples are taken from national reports submitted to UNESCO for the Eighth Consultation of Member States on the implementation of these two international standard-setting instruments.

Implementing

the Right to Education A Compendium

of practical examples Based on the Eighth Consultation of Member States on the implementation of the Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education (2011-2013)

Implementing

the Right to Education A Compendium

of practical examples Based on the Eighth Consultation of Member States on the implementation of the Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education (2011-2013)

Published in 2016 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 7, place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France © UNESCO 2016

This publication is available in Open Access under the Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 IGO (CC-BY-SA 3.0 IGO) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/igo/). By using the content of this publication, the users accept to be bound by the terms of use of the UNESCO Open Access Repository (http://www.unesco. org/open-access/terms-use-ccbysa-en). The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The ideas and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors; they are not necessarily those of UNESCO and do not commit the Organization. Designed & printed by UNESCO Printed in France ED_2016/WS/3 CLD - 174_16

Table of contents

Preface

7

Introduction

9

Chapter 1.

Legal framework........................................................................................ 14 A. Constitutional framework

14

1. General guarantee of the right to education

15

2. The principle of non-discrimination in education

15

3. The principle of equal access to education and the principle of equality of educational opportunity

16

4. Free and compulsory education

16

5. Eliminating illiteracy

19

6. Examples of Constitutions ensuring quality education

20

7. Human rights education

20