in haldimand and norfolk counties - Haldimand-Norfolk Health Unit

This report blends local data on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harms, with personal stories from the 2016 ...... approaches alone will not be enough to create a culture of moderation in Canada.12. Below is a list of evidence based ..... Studies in Family Planning, 41(4), 241-250. 48Borges, G., Cherpitel, C. J., ...
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Alcohol use and harms

in haldimand and norfolk counties www.hnhu.org

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Acknowledgements We would like to thank our community partners who provided consultation and/or contributed data towards this report: • • • • • •

Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario (AGCO) Community Alcohol Strategy Workgroup Members Community members who participated in the online survey Haldimand County & Norfolk County OPP Haldimand County & Norfolk County GIS departments Community Partners who attended community stakeholder consultation and the alcohol forum • Haldimand County & Norfolk County Councillors for their support and attendance at the alcohol forum • Haldimand-Norfolk Health Unit Leadership We would also like to thank and recognize Dr. Norman Giesbrecht for his review of the report and supporting quote.

Table of Contents Purpose of Report .................................................................................................................................1 Introduction………………………………………………………………………….......................................2 Why talk about alcohol?......................................................................................................................3 The Business & Cost of Alcohol.............................................................................................................4 Alcohol Outlet Density in Haldimand and Norfolk…………………....................................................5 Canadians and Alcohol Consumption...............................................................................................6 Under-reporting of Alcohol Consumption…………………………………………….............................7 Canada’s Low Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines………………………………............................…….8 Local Findings for Self-Reported Alcohol Consumption in Haldimand & Norfolk…….................10 Heavy Drinking………………………………………………………………………...............................….14 Local Findings for Heavy Drinking Patterns in Haldimand & Norfolk……………….................……15 Drug of Choice for Young People…………………………………………………………......................17 Why talking about Alcohol Matters…………………………………………………....................………18 Alcohol and Health Benefits………………………………………………………....................………….20 Alcohol and Injuries…………………………………………………………….......................…………….20 Alcohol and Chronic Disease……………………………………………….....................……………….20 Alcohol and Cancer………………………………………………………………….....................………..21 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)……………………………………....................……………..21 Alcohol and Suicide……………………………………………………………….....................…………..22 Second Hand Effects of Alcohol………………………………………………….................……………22 Sexual Assault and Violence………………………………………………………...............…………….22 Domestic Violence…………………………………………………………………...................…………..23 Impaired Driving……………………………………………………………………....................…………..23 Alcohol and Health Inequities…………………………………………………...............………………..24 The Social Determinants of Health………………………………………………………................…….24 Emergency Department Visit Rates for Alcohol-Related Chronic conditions……....……………25 Emergency Department Visit Rates for Alcohol-Related Acute Causes………....……………….28 Alcohol-Related Mortality Rates…………………………………………………...................…………..30 What Do We Do Now?.......................................................................................................................31 Recommendations for Local Level Actions………………………………………............…………….32 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………….....................…34 Methodology………………………………………………………………………………...................…….35 References………………………………………………………………………………....................………37 Appendix A: Community Stakeholder Consultation on Alcohol Misuse Prevention……...…….43 Appendix B: GIS Maps……………………………………………………………………..........................57 Appendix C: OPP Alcohol Related Data 2014-2016……………………………………....