In search of a home - Data.unhcr.org

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June 2015

In search of a home June 2015

Access to adequate housing in Jordan

IN SEARCH OF A HOME

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In appreciation NRC would like to thank Myriam Ababsa who contributed to earlier drafts of the report through reviewing and analysing NRC’s data sets, supporting secondary data and analysis of broader shelter policies in Jordan. The report has been produced by NRC Jordan in 2015 based on primary data Programme.

Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection

Cover photo:

Reem and her daughter at their rent free house in Irbid, Jordan, 70km north of the capital city Amman. ©Alisa Reznick, March 2015. All names in this report have been changed to protect the identity of the individuals.

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June 2015

Contents Executive Summary.....................................................................................................4 Policy recommendations.............................................................................................6 Introduction....................................................................................................................8 Access to adequate shelter........................................................................................12 Impact of adequate and secure shelter....................................................................9 Syrian refugees' broader vulnerability......................................................................24 Syrian refugees and Jordanian host communities................................................32 References.....................................................................................................................34

IN SEARCH OF A HOME

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The present report from Norwegian has created the largest humanitarian Refugee Council (NRC) analyses some aspects of the shelter situation of the state has led to the displace- ugee households NRC assessed in ment of more than 13 million people northern Jordan live in accommodation that does not provide basic pro- tection from the elements. ing Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq, Egypt and Housing is often overcrowded with Jordan. an average of 3.4 persons sharing a As of June 2015, Jordan hosts almost bedroom (compared to 1.3 amongst the Jordanian population according the equivalent of some 10% of its to national statistics), and half of all population. accommodation with at least one othThe Government of Jordan (GoJ) es- er family to save costs. ian nationals live in Jordan, many of whom were in the country pre-crisis. sessed are under immediate threat of daily challenges to meet their basic applying to NRC for shelter support needs, access services and stay legal. report that they have had to move at least three times in the last year. Jordan has been considerable. The knock on consequences of the con-

on all members of the household, and refugees on national institutions and dan have been on the move both inhost communities are felt across the Kingdom. years. This affects their ability to retain necessary registration documentation - and stay legal as a rental contract is a sis in Jordan that is increasingly im- precondition for registration with the - Ministry of Interior (MoI) for all foreign an host communities alike is the lack nationals. that is available is often not adequate, The impact is also being felt by Jordaaffordable or secure. nians who are at risk of being priced

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June 2015

out of the market, unable to afford ris- The search for shelter is linked to ing rental costs and faced with com- broader economic vulnerability. Many petition to secure shelter when there is simply not enough available. their basic household needs including rent, which continues to constitute the highest single household expenditure.

At least 48,230 fewer housing units on the market than needed

One in every t