INDIA 2020 A Vision for the New Millennium
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam With
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First published in Viking by Penguin Books India 1998 Published by Penguin Books 2002 Copyright @ A.P.J. Kalam and Y.S. Rajan 1998 All rights reserved 15 14 13 12 Typeset in Nebraska by SURYA, New Delhi Printed at Chaman Offset Printers, New Delhi
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After one of his talks delivered by Dr Kalam, a tenyearold girl came up to him for his autograph. ‘What is your ambition?’ he asked her. ‘I want to live in a developed India,’ she replied without hesitation. This book is dedicated to her and the millions of Indians who share her aspiration.
If those who think to achieve, Have a firm and focused mind, They will realize what they thought of, And even as they have thought of. Thirukkural
5 Contents Acknowledgements
1. Can India Become a Developed Country?
2. What other countries Envision for Themselves
3. Evoultion of Technology Vision 2020
4. Food, Agriculture and Processing
5. Materials and the Future
6. Chemicals Industries and Our Biological Wealth
7. Manufacturing for the future
8. Services As People’s Wealth
9. Strategic Industries
10. Health Care for All
11. The Enabling Infrastructure
12. Realizing the Vision
References and further reading
6 Acknowledgements In writing this book, our ideas have been shaped by several hundred Indianssome very well known. Each interaction enriched our experience and added a new dimension to understanding India’s developmental needs and actions required. It is difficult to list every name. First and foremost, we are thankful to the Chairpersons and Cochairpersons