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FM 3-24 MCWP 3-33.5 INSURGENCIES AND COUNTERING INSURGENCIES

MAY 2014

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION:

Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

FM 3-24/MCWP 3-33.5, C1 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 2 June 2014

Change No. 1

Insurgencies and Countering Insurgencies 1.

Change 1 to FM 3-24/MCWP 3-33.5, 13 May 2014, amends text as necessary.

2.

A plus sign (+) marks new material.

3.

FM 3-24/MCWP 3-33.5, 13 May 2014, is changed as follows:

Remove Old Pages

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pages 1-13 through 1-14

pages 1-13 through 1-14

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4.

File this transmittal sheet in front of the publication for reference purposes.

DISTRUBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

FM 3-24/MCWP 3-33.5, C1 2 June 2014

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

RAYMOND T. ODIERNO General, United States Army Chief of Staff Official:

GERALD B. O’KEEFE Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army 1414902

BY DIRECTION OF THE COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS:

DISTRIBUTION: Active Army, Army National Guard, and U.S. Army Reserve: To be distributed in accordance with the initial distribution number 121724, requirements for FM 3-24. Marine Corps: PCN 143 000124 00

This publication is available at Army Knowledge Online (https://armypubs.us.army.mil/doctrine/index.html). To receive publishing updates, please subscribe at http://www.apd.army.mil/AdminPubs/new_subscribe.asp

*FM 3-24/MCWP 3-33.5 Field Manual No.3-24 Marine Corps Warfighting Publication No. 3-33.5

Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC Headquarters Marine Corps Combat Development Command Department of the Navy Headquarters United States Marine Corps Washington, DC 13 May 2014

Insurgencies and Countering Insurgencies Contents Page

PREFACE...............................................................................................................v INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................vii

PART ONE

STRATEGIC AND OPERATIONAL CONTEXT

Chapter 1

UNDERSTANDING THE STRATEGIC CONTEXT............................................ 1-1 United States’ Strategy and Policy to Counter an Insurgency ........................... 1-4 Land Forces and the Range of Military Operations ............................................ 1-6 Legitimacy and Control ....................................................................................... 1-8 Understanding Unified Action ........................................................................... 1-10 Strategic Principles ........................................................................................... 1-19

Chapter 2

UNDERSTANDING AN OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT ............................... 2-1 Demographic and Urbanization Trends.............................................................. 2-1 The Operational Variables .................................................................................. 2-2 The Mission Variables and Civil Considerations .............................................. 2-10

Chapter 3

CULTURE........................................................................................................... 3-1 Understanding Culture....