Integrating DRR into MAPS Partners' Programming - PreventionWeb

4.4 The Importance of Building Local Institutional Capacity. 23. 4.5 The ... natural hazard or a conflict situation, it is more cost effective to prevent and prepare ... emergency preparedness/response are an integral part of their development and.
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Partners Multi Annual Programme Scheme (MAPS)

Integrating DRR into MAPS Partners’ Programming

2008 Thematic Research Study With Case Study from Trócaire Central America

Final Report May 2009

TABLE OF CONTENTS Pg. DEFINITIONS AND TERMINOLOGY

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ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

iv

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

v

1. INTRODUCTION

1 1

1.1 The MAPS 2008 Thematic Study 1.2 Introduction to DRR

3

2. MAPS PARTNERS’ EXPERIENCE IN INSTITUTIONALISING DRR

5

2.1 Why are MAPS Partners looking at DRR?

5

2.2 Enabling Factors for Disaster Risk Reduction

5

2.3 Strategies for introducing DRR at Programme Level

6

2.4 Strategies for introducing DRR at Institutional Level

7

2.5 Constraints and challenges

8

3. DRR IN CENTRAL AMERICA

10

3.1 Contextual Background

10

3.2 Trócaire’s approach to DRR in Central America

12

4. KEY LEARNING FROM THE FIELD TRIP

17

4.1 The Importance of Analysis

17

4.2 The Usefulness of Participatory Approaches

19

4.3 DRR Links Relief, Recovery and Development Work

20

4.4 The Importance of Building Local Institutional Capacity

23

4.5 The Importance of Advocacy

23

5. LESSONS-LEARNED FROM THE MAPS 2008 THEMATIC STUDY PROCESS

25

5.1 The MAPS Thematic Study Process in Ireland

25

5.2 The MAPS Thematic Study Process during the Field Visit

26

5.3 The MAPS Thematic Study Process: Recommendations for Carrying the Process Forward

27

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APPENDIX 1 MAPS PARTNERS ORGANISATIONAL APPROACHES TO DRR

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CHRISTIAN AID IRELAND CONCERN WORLDWIDE

33

GOAL

36

IRISH AID

38

SELF HELP AFRICA (SHA)

41

TROCAIRE

45

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DEFINITIONS AND TERMINOLOGY1 Disaster Risk Reduction2 is the process of minimising the risk of disaster for a given society/group through taking action to minimise their vulnerability to, and maximising their capacity to cope with, a manmade or natural hazard. Disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a society causing human, material, economic or environmental losses which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope without external assistance. Hazard is an extreme event, natural or man-made, with a destructive potential to social and economic assets and human lives. These may be “natural” (geological, hydro meteorological and biological) or “man-made” (conflict, environmental degradation and technological) hazards. Vulnerability is a condition determined by physical, social, economic, and environmental factors or processes which increases the susceptibility of a community to the impact of hazards. Risk is the product of hazard and vulnerability; measured in terms of the damage expected as a result of the exposure of vulnerable people to a hazard. Capacity is the combination of all the strengths and resources available within a community, society or organisation that can reduce the level of risk, or the effects of a disaster. The interrelationship between these definitions if often defined as: Risk = Hazard x Vulnerability/Capacity

1 2

Adapted from Trócaire (2008) Disaster Risk Reduction: Learning for Livelihoods Series No.1 p.9 Trócaire (2008) Disaster Risk Reduction: Learning for Livelihoods Series No.1

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ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ASONOG

Association of Non-Governmental Organisations (Honduran NGO)