Issue - The American Journal of Psychiatry

Jan 30, 2017 - as in-school workshops, online educa- .... Suicide Prevention by the U.S. Surgeon. General in 2001 (8, ..... computer application, the technology is ...... Enrolled as PGY-2 in an accredited U.S. or Canadian psychiatry residency.
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The American Journal of

Psychiatry Residents’ Journal

January 2017

Volume 12

Issue 1

Inside 2

Suicidal Behavior: A Distinct Psychobiology? Naji C. Salloum, M.D. Examining the serotonergic system, hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis, neuroinflammation, kynurenine pathway, and neuroplasticity, as well as interplay of biological systems.

5

Supporting Residents in the Wake of Patient Suicide Charles A. Whitmore, M.D., M.P.H., Jenna Cook, M.D., Lucas Salg, M.D. Review of a newly-developed curriculum at the University of Colorado.

8

Current Challenges in the Management of LGBT Suicide Rafik Sidaros, M.D. Analysis of risk factors, minority stress, and transgender issues, as well as positions on therapy and interventions.

11

Suicide Rates in Cancer Patients in the Current Era in United States Vivek Kumar, M.D., Neha Chaudhary, M.D., Parita Soni, M.B.B.S., Prameeta Jha, M.B.B.S. Comparisons between patients and the general population.

15 Suicide Prediction With Machine Learning Gopalkumar Rakesh, M.D.

Examining use of statistical techniques that utilize complex calculations in analyzing large data sets to predict risk factors.

18 Countertransference Reactions to a Suicidal Patient Mary-Catherine Rensko, D.O.

Discussion of a case in which the resident physician’s avoidance of the patient demonstrated unconscious feelings of countertransference hatred. © Shutterstock.com

20 Suicide by Cop: A Psychiatric Phenomenon

Ralph H. de Similien, M.D., M.S., M.Ed., Adamma Okorafor, M.D. Analysis of statistical characteristics, sociodemographic variables, and treatment approaches.

23 A Tale of Shamans, Exorcism, and Finally Suicide: A Perspective From Two Worlds Nandhini Madhanagopal, M.D.

A resident’s cultural viewpoint on suicide in India and America.

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Katherine Pier, M.D. SENIOR DEPUTY EDITOR Rachel Katz, M.D. DEPUTY EDITOR Oliver Glass, M.D. EDITORS EMERITI Rajiv Radhakrishnan, M.B.B.S., M.D. Misty Richards, M.D., M.S.

GUEST EDITOR Gopalkumar Rakesh, M.D.

MEDIA EDITOR Michelle Liu, M.D.

ASSOCIATE EDITORS

CULTURE EDITOR Aparna Atluru, M.D.

Gopalkumar Rakesh, M.D. Janet Charoensook, M.D.

STAFF EDITOR Angela Moore

Arshya Vahabzadeh, M.D. Monifa Seawell, M.D. Sarah M. Fayad, M.D.

Joseph M. Cerimele, M.D. Molly McVoy, M.D. Sarah B. Johnson, M.D.

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Suicidal Behavior: A Distinct Psychobiology? Naji C. Salloum, M.D.

Over 800,000 suicide-related deaths are reported around the world every year, with one person committing suicide every 40 seconds (1). Extensive work aimed at improving suicide prevention has yet to deliver objective tools for better assessment and management of suicide risk. One of the hurdles has been a lack of full understanding of the underlying biological manifestations that lead to suicide. In order to conceptualize this complex phenomenon, the stress-diathesis model was proposed almost two decades ago and is still regarded as the most widely accepted hypothesis for understanding suicide. It describes suicidal behavior as the interplay between a stressor (e.g., an acute psychiatric condition or a negative psychosocial event) and an individual’s vulnerability to experience suicidality. This vulnerability, or diathesis, potentially results from a genetic predisposition and epigenetic mechanisms related to early-life adversity (2, 3). Within this framework, substantial effort has been made to uncover the pathophysiology that would account for this diathesis. Thus far, findings are indicating that the suicide biological architecture consists of a distinct network of interrelated neural systems at play. Further study may unravel a holistic psy