Iraq: Joint Rapid Assessment of Markets (JRAM) Ana, Western Anbar - November 2017 Introduction The town of Ana, located in western Anbar governorate, was retaken by Iraqi Security Forces in September 2017, after being controlled by the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) since June 2014. Following the end of military operations, early reports of the situation in western Anbar indicated limited access to food and a lack of livelihood opportunities.1 To increase understanding of the situation in Ana town, the Cash Working Group (CWG) conducted a Joint Rapid Assessment of Markets (JRAM) from 22-23 November 2017 to assess market health and the feasibility of introducing cash-based programming. The CWG launched the JRAM in April 2017 with the aim of establishing a harmonized, collaborative mechanism for conducting market assessments in newly accessible areas of Iraq. Data collection is conducted jointly by CWG partners, with coordination and technical oversight from REACH. The primary objectives of the JRAM are to understand:
• The impact of the protracted crisis on markets, specifically infrastructure, security and supply; • The price and availability of key goods; • The ability of traders to respond to an increase in demand.
Ana, Western Anbar
REACH, “Western Anbar (Ana, Ru’ua, and Ka’im), Iraq - Rapid Humanitarian Overview,” 22 September 2017.
Impact of the crisis • Damages to communication and electricity infrastructure were more widely reported than damages to water and road infrastructure. The first two types of damage were also reported to have the greatest impact on business. Notably, all four types of infrastructure damage were more widely reported by wholesaler than retailer KIs. Moreover, for all four types of damage, a greater percentage of wholesaler KIs reported them as having a severe-to-moderate impact on business than retailer KIs. • Almost all (97% of consumer KIs) reported that they faced no physical barriers – such as issues with transportation or security – to accessing the market place (Ana centre). Likewise, 97% of consumer KIs reported that the security situation did not prevent them from accessing the market place. For traders, the most widely reported security issue - reported by 38% of retailer and 45% of wholesaler KIs - was check points. • For retailer KIs, 71% reported that their number of wholesalers had decreased since before the crisis (June 2014). This was in sharp contrast to wholesalers, 64% of whom reported that their number of suppliers had increased since before the crisis. Overall, the crisis does not appear to have changed the location of suppliers, with the majority of retailers’ wholesalers still located in Ana. Prices and availability of goods • For the items that they sold, neither retailer nor wholesaler KIs reported a shortage of any item in the 30 days preceding data collection. However, none of the trader KIs interviewed sold kerosene and butane, and none of the retailer KIs interviewed sold sanitary napkins. For the two fuel items, these are often sold by mobile vendors not located in the market place.2 For sanitary napkins, retailer KIs indicated that they sold these items in the past, but not at the time of data collection. • Overall prices in Ana were only 7% higher than the average price across northern and central Iraq in November 2017. In terms of items, 8 of 12 – for which there is comparable data – were more expensive in Ana district. • All consumer KIs reported that all assessed items were available in the market place, except butane and kerosene. For these two fuel items, 92% of consumer KIs reported that butane was not available and 72% of consumer KIs reported that kerosene was not available. Response capacity of traders • Across all assessed items, trader KIs were confident in their ability to respond to a 50% increase in demand (100% for retailer and 97% for wholesaler KIs) and 100% increase in demand (97% for retailer and 100% for wholesaler KIs).3 The