L17. Dr. Ali Salim Fanous - ASIDCOM

meat protein. Hydrolysed protein from meat using enzymes for hydrolysis. Bactopeptone proteos pepton d. Enzymatic digest of plant (soy) protein. Hydrolysed ...
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Growth Media for Enzymes and Starter Cultures in Halal Perspective Dr. Ali Salim Fanous Halal Control, EU, European Inspectionand Certification Body for Halal-Food Germany The First Gulf Conference on Halal Industry and its Services 24-26 January 2011 Holiday Inn Hotel, Al-Salmiyah, State of Kuwait

‫البيئة المغذية لألنزيمات‬ ‫والبادئات من منظور الحالل‬ ‫د‪ .‬علي سليم فانوس‬ ‫حالل كونترول )اإلتحاد األوروبي(‪ ،‬خدمات الحالل في أوروبا‪ ،‬ألمانيا‬ ‫مؤتمر الخليج األول لصناعة الحالل وخدماته‬ ‫‪ 26-24‬يناير ‪2011‬‬ ‫فندق ھوليدي إن – السالمية – دولة الكويت‬

• Ancient Biotechnology • early history as related to food and shelter, including domestication • Classical Biotechnology • built on ancient biotechnology • fermentation promoted food production • medicine • Modern Biotechnology • manipulates genetic information in organism • genetic engineering What are the stages of biotechnology? www.halalcontrol.eu

Starter cultures are those microorganisms that are used in the production of cultured dairy products such as yogurt and cheese. A starter culture can provide particular characteristics in a more controlled and predictable fermentation. The primary function of lactic starters is the production of lactic acid from lactose.

What are starter cultures ?

Application of starter cultures in food www.halalcontrol.eu

Production of starter cultures www.halalcontrol.eu

1. Preparation of growth media

Production of starter cultures www.halalcontrol.eu

1. Preparation of growth media

Production of starter cultures www.halalcontrol.eu

2. Cultivation of bacteria (fermentation)

Production of starter cultures www.halalcontrol.eu

2. Cultivation of bacteria (fermentation)

Production of starter cultures www.halalcontrol.eu

3. Concentration of bacteria and freezing the pellets

Production of starter cultures www.halalcontrol.eu

4. Freeze drying

Production of starter cultures www.halalcontrol.eu

• Slimy structure e.g. yogurt • Bad flavours and taste e.g. cheese • Excessive gas production • Sensory deprivation

Trouble-Shooting Fermentation www.halalcontrol.eu

The potential production of fish blood is about 12,000 metric tons in 2006. Salmon blood, for example, contains easily digested proteins and a high concentration of polyunsaturated Omega-3 fatty acids.

Fish blood is a component of growth media www.halalcontrol.eu

• Fish blood the key to low-fat ice cream!

The blood protein originally comes from the eel-like ocean pout fish. This is added to the ice cream and lowers the temperature at which ice crystals form and the shape they take up. (www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-392219/Fis). • Direct supplements to food, as iron or binding agents.

• Fish blood can be used as a component of growth media e.g. starter culture.

Application of fish blood in food www.halalcontrol.eu

‫قال  تعالى‬ َ َ ‫ير‬ َ ‫) ُقل الَّ أَ ِج ُد فِي َما أ ُ ْوح َِي إِ َليَّ م َُحرَّ ما ً َع َلى َطاعِ ٍم َي ْط َع ُم ُه إِالَّ أَن َي ُك‬ ٍ ‫ِنز‬ ِ ‫ون َم ْي َت ًة أ ْو َدما ً مَّسْ ُفوحا ً أ ْو َلحْ َم خ‬ ُ ( (145) ‫َّك َغ ُفو ٌر رَّ ِحي ٌم‬ ِ ّ ‫َفإِ َّن ُه ِرجْ سٌ أَ ْو ِفسْ قا ً أ ُ ِھ َّل ل َِغي ِْر‬ َ ‫اغ َوالَ َعا ٍد َفإِنَّ َرب‬ ٍ ‫ ِب ِه َف َم ِن اضْ طرَّ َغي َْر َب‬ [‫]سورة األنعام‬ “He hath forbidden you only carrion, and blood, and swine flesh, and that which hath been immolated to (the name of) any other than Allah. But he who is driven by necessity, neither craving nor transgressing, it is no sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful” (2:173). : ‫ عن النبي صلى  عليه وسلم قال‬, ‫عن عبد  بن عمر رضي  عنه قال‬ ( ‫ والكبد والطحال‬, ‫ السمك والجراد‬, ‫) أحلت لنا ميتتان ودمان‬ Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Made lawful for you are the flesh of two dead animals and two types of blood. As for the two dead animals,