Learning to live together - unesdoc - Unesco

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Learning to Live Together: Education Policies and Realities in the Asia-Pacific

Learning Household to Literacy Survey 2011 Live Together

in Eastern Highlands Province and Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea Education Policies and Realities in the Asia-Pacific

National Literacy and Awareness Secretariat (NLAS), National Statistical Office (NSO) and UNESCO

Published in 2014 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 7, place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France and UNESCO Bangkok Office

© UNESCO 2014

This publication is available in Open Access under the Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 IGO (CC-BY-SA 3.0 IGO) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/igo/). By using the content of this publication, the users accept to be bound by the terms of use of the UNESCO Open Access Repository (http://www. unesco.org/open-access/terms-use-ccbysa-en). The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The ideas and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors; they are not necessarily those of UNESCO and do not commit the Organization.

ISBN: 978-92-9223-472-0 (Print) ISBN: 978-92-9223-473-7 (Electronic)

Cover Photo: © Alland Dharmawan Graphic Design: Warren Field Cover Design: Warren Field Printed by: Themma Group

Printed in Thailand EPR/14/002-500

Contents Preface ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................V .Acknowledgements..................................................................................................................................................................................... VI Acronyms .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... VII .Executive Summary....................................................................................................................................................................................... X Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................................................................1 1 Research Framework..........................................................................................................................................................................5 2 Social & Economic Context ......................................................................................................................................................11 3 National Policy Frameworks .................................................................................................................................................19 4 Curriculum..............................................................................................................................................................................................31 5 Teachers ..................................................................................................................................................................................................53 6 Assessment............................................................................................................................................................................................69 7 Reflections & Conclusions ...............................................................................................................