Loch Fleet NNR: The Reserve Story - Scottish Natural Heritage

final Reserve Plan which is the blueprint for management of the Reserve for ... In future we will produce a Reserve Review to report how well our plans .... time Loch Fleet was a wide-open bay, embracing a sea loch reaching inland as far as.
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Scotland’s National Nature Reserves For further information about Loch Fleet National Nature Reserve please contact: Scottish Natural Heritage, Main Street, Golspie, Sutherland KW10 6TG Telephone 01408 633602 Fax 01408 633071 E-mail: [email protected]

Loch Fleet NNR: The Reserve Story

Loch Fleet National Nature Reserve: The Reserve Story

Foreword Loch Fleet National Nature Reserve (NNR) lies on the east coast of Scotland, 3km south of Golspie and 8km north of Dornoch. Loch Fleet is a tidal basin which, combined with other nearby coastal sites, supports internationally important numbers of waders and wildfowl in the autumn and winter months. Adjacent to the Loch are pine woodlands containing rare plants including one-flowered wintergreen and twinflower. Along the seaward edge, there are sand dunes and links with interesting areas of lichen-rich dune heath. Loch Fleet is one of more than 50 NNRs in Scotland. Scotland’s NNRs are special places for nature, where some of the best examples of Scotland’s wildlife are managed. Whilst nature is always the first priority on NNRs, the reserves also provide opportunities for people to enjoy and discover more about our rich natural heritage. The Reserve Story is one of a suite of documents we use to manage the NNR. It gives background information about the Reserve and briefly describes the wildlife found on the Reserve, the history of land use before the Reserve was established, and management of wildlife, people and property. We outline how we intend to manage the Reserve in future years in the Reserve Proposals and we invite your comments on these Proposals. Your feedback informs the production of final Reserve Plan which is the blueprint for management of the Reserve for the next few years. In future we will produce a Reserve Review to report how well our plans worked. All the documents can be downloaded from the Loch Fleet page of the NNR Website or obtained from the address below.

For further information about Loch Fleet National Nature Reserve please contact: Scottish Natural Heritage, Main Street, Golspie, Sutherland KW10 6TG Telephone 01408 633602 Fax 01408 633071 E-mail: [email protected]

Loch Fleet National Nature Reserve – The Reserve Story

Contents Foreword Maps of Loch Fleet NNR 1

Introduction to Loch Fleet NNR

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The Natural Heritage of Loch Fleet NNR

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Loch Fleet NNR – a brief histor y

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4

Management of Loch Fleet NNR

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Appendix 1

National Nature Reser ves

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Appendix 2

Site of Special Scientific Interest

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Appendix 3

Natura 2000 sites

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Appendix 4

RAMSAR sites

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Appendix 5

Species

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Loch Fleet National Nature Reserve – The Reserve Story

Maps of Loch Fleet NNR Location Map

Boundaries of Loch Fleet NNR 1

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This map is based upon the Ordnance Survey material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on behalf of the Controller of Her Majesty’s Stationery Office © Crown copyright (2005). Any unauthorised reproduction infringes Crown copyright and may lead to prosecution or civil proceedings. © Scottish Natural Heritage 100017908 (2005).

Loch Fleet National Nature Reserve – The Reserve Story

1

Introduction to Loch Fleet NNR

Loch Fleet NNR is located 3km south of Golspie on the east coast of Scotland. The NNR extends to 1,058ha and includes the Loch Fleet tidal basin, sand dunes, shingle ridges and pinewoods. The tidal basin, the largest habitat, supports a rich diversity of bird life throughout the year. The basin connects to the Moray Firth through a narrow river channel between Ferry Links and Coul Links. Ferry Links are botan