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MAPPING GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS

For Official Use

TAD/TC/WP/RD(2012)9

Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

03-Dec-2012 ___________________________________________________________________________________________ English - Or. English

TRADE AND AGRICULTURE DIRECTORATE

TRADE COMMITTEE

TAD/TC/WP/RD(2012)9 For Official Use

Working Party of the Trade Committee

MAPPING GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS

4-5 December 2012 The OECD Conference Centre, Paris

Action required: The report TAD/TC/WP(2012)6 has been updated and revised following comments received at the 21-22 March 2012 meeting of the Working Party of the Trade Committee and 27 April meeting of the Working Party on the Globalisation of Industry. The document includes the latest data available from the OECD ICIO model (December 2012 release). A follow-up study on the trade policy implications of global value chains was scoped in June [TAD/TC/WP(2012)11/REV1]. The report is submitted FOR DECLASSIFICATION. Link to the Programme of Work and Budget: This work falls under PWB Section 3.1.1, Understanding the Benefits of Globalisation. Co-operation: The work is done jointly with STI and the Working Party on the Globalisation of Industry, and in co-operation with STD and STI, as part of the horizontal project on the measurement of trade in value-added terms. Communication plans: The report and results will be presented in a series of conferences and seminars on global value chains and their implications for trade policy.

Contact: Sébastien Miroudot (TAD), Tel. +33 (0)1 45 24 13 94, Email: [email protected]; Koen De Backer (STI), Tel. +33 (0)1 45 24 76 61, Email: [email protected] English - Or. English

JT03332194 Complete document available on OLIS in its original format This document and any map included herein are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area.

TAD/TC/WP/RD(2012)9

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................................................................ 4 MAPPING GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS ....................................................................................................... 7 1. Introduction: the rise of global value chains ........................................................................................... 7 2. Data and methodology........................................................................................................................... 10 New data available to study GVCs: the OECD ICIO model ................................................................. 11 Measuring the importance of GVCs: country and industry indicators .................................................. 11 3. Analysis of specific GVCs .................................................................................................................... 16 Case study 1: agriculture and food products .......................................................................................... 16 Case study 2: chemical products............................................................................................................ 20 Case study 3: motor vehicles ................................................................................................................. 23 Case study 4: electronics (office, accounting and computing machinery) ............................................ 27 Case study 5: business services ............................................................................................................. 29 Case study 6: financial services ............................................................................................................. 34 4. Pol