Moving America Forward

Mar 13, 2014 - Economy, for generously sharing data on state energy efficiency benefits. Environment ..... atmosphere than any other, and a center for clean.
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Moving America Forward State and Federal Leadership Is Producing Results in the Fight against Global Warming

Moving America Forward State and Federal Leadership Is Producing Results in the Fight against Global Warming

Written by: Miles Unterreiner and Elizabeth Ridlington Frontier Group Rob Sargent, Travis Madsen and Julian Boggs Environment America Research & Policy Center

Winter 2014

Acknowledgments Environment America Research & Policy Center sincerely thanks Angus Duncan, Chair, Oregon Global Warming Commission; Etan Gumerman, Senior Policy Analyst, Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University; Jonas Monast, Director of the Climate and Energy Program, Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University; Gabe Pacyniak, Institute Associate, Georgetown State-Federal Climate Change Resource Center; Tom Peterson, Founder, President and CEO, Center for Climate Strategies; Peter Shattuck, Director of Market Initiatives, Environment Northeast; and Luke Tonachel, Senior Vehicles Analyst, Energy and Transportation Program, Natural Resources Defense Council, for providing review. Thanks also to Tony Dutzik and Jordan Schneider of Frontier Group for editorial help. Thank you to Annie Downs, State Policy Research Analyst, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, for generously sharing data on state energy efficiency benefits. Environment America Research & Policy Center thanks the Arntz Family Foundation, the Energy Foundation, the John Merck Fund, the Cynthia and George Mitchell Foundation, and the Scherman Foundation for making this report possible. The authors bear responsibility for any factual errors. The recommendations are those of Environment America Research & Policy Center. The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of our funders or those who provided review. © 2014 Environment America Research & Policy Center Environment America Research & Policy Center is a 501(c)(3) organization. We are dedicated to protecting America’s air, water and open spaces. We investigate problems, craft solutions, educate the public and decision makers, and help Americans make their voices heard in local, state and national debates over the quality of our environment and our lives. For more information about Environment America Research & Policy Center or for additional copies of this report, please visit www.environmentamericacenter.org. Frontier Group conducts independent research and policy analysis to support a cleaner, healthier and more democratic society. Our mission is to inject accurate information and compelling ideas into public policy debates at the local, state and federal levels. For more information about Frontier Group, please visit www.frontiergroup.org. Layout: To the Point Publications, www.tothepointpublications.com Cover photos: wind turbines: Dan Barnes; plug-in vehicle: istockphoto/andipantz; light bulb: istockphoto/chones; thermostat: istockphoto/burwellphotography; solar panels: istockphoto/bravajulia.

Table of Contents Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 The Threat of Global Warming Requires Urgent Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 The Dangers of Global Warming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 The United States Has an Obligation to Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

State and Federal Leadership on Global Warming Is Already Having a Significant Impact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Policies to Increase Renewable Electricity Generation Prevented 60 Million Metric Tons o