Moving backward, moving forward? - ecdpm

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VOLUME 7 - ISSUE 1

WINTER 2018

Focus on Migration

Moving backward, moving forward? Forced displacement and mixed migration in the IGAD region

Migration and development: A virtuous circle

Helping refugees become self-reliant: the Ugandan model

Caroline Njuki, Senior Programme Coordinator, Woldamlak Abera, Forced Displacement Officer, IGAD

Louise Arbour, UN Special Representative for International Migration

Muhumed Hussein & Leeam Azoulay, Norwegian Refugee Council

Storm in the Central Mediterranean: European priorities, Libyan realities Daniel Howden, Senior editor at Refugees Deeply

ECDPM’s Great Insights magazine offers a quick and accessible summary of cutting-edge analysis on international cooperation and Europe-Africa relations. It includes an independent overview of analysis and commentary from a wide variety of experts and high-level officials and provides updates on policy debates in Africa and Europe. Disclaimer: The views expressed are those of individual authors. Publisher ECDPM Executive editor Virginia Mucchi Guest editors Noemi Cascone and Anna Knoll Editorial and production assistance Jacquie Dias and Noemi Cascone Web editor Jacquie Dias Cover Immigration Officer processing travel documents, Immigration Office, Kilambo. Photo Credit: IOM/Robert Beechey. Copyright: International Organisation for Migration. Cover design by Yaseena Chiu- van ‘t Hoff Art Direction and design of layout Yaseena Chiu-van ‘t Hoff Design, layout and production Claudia Backes Head office The Pelican House Onze Lieve Vrouweplein 21 6211 HE Maastricht The Netherlands Tel +31 (0)43 350 29 00 Fax +31 (0)43 350 29 02 Brussels office Rue Archimède 5 1000 Brussels Belgium Tel +32 (0)2 237 43 10 Fax +32 (0)2 237 43 19 ISSN: 2215-0593 (print) 2213-0063 (online) For further information or to subscribe to our E-newsletters, visit www.ecdpm.org/subscribe. To order a hard copy of an ECDPM publication, please email to [email protected] This publication benefits from structural support by ECDPM’s institutional partners: The Netherlands, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark and Austria. Copyright: Prior permission is not required for quoting, translating or reproducing part of the contents of this publication, provided the source is fully acknowledged.

Editorial The migration situation has monopolized the agenda of European leaders during past years. The EU’s external policies have been focusing on addressing the ‘root causes’ of migration, and utilising the EU toolbox to establish partnerships on border governance, management of migration, security, and development. In an attempt to jointly address issues of migration governance, UN Member States will adopt in 2018 the two first-ever global agreements aimed at addressing migration and at providing durable solutions for refugee: the global compacts on migration and refugees. Fostering the economic and social benefits of migration, also through the commitments made in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, constitutes an important aspect of the negotiations leading to the compact for safe, orderly and regular migration. To contribute to these debates, we dedicated this GREAT Insight’s Winter issue to the relationship between migration and development processes and their implications for policies. We invited authors from different spheres of work - intergovernmental organisations, NGOs, academia, media, and the private sector - to reflect on drivers of migration, mobility and displacement, explore their interaction with socio-economic development processes and give insights on how policies and programmes can and should address these links. The first four articles introduce current policy frameworks and approaches, at the global, European and African levels. The aim of these frameworks in their distinct ways is to govern migration processes, enforce laws, ensure rights and support the economic transformation potential