Must Die

your blood pressure, take deep breaths, or fix a cup of strong tea or an iced adult beverage, as you ..... A. (1982). Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. New York, ..... This was called the Imperial Examination and it was used as.
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Education Cargo Cults

Must Die

John Hattie Arran Hamilton SEPTEMBER 2018

Contents Introduction 6 Education Cargo Cults: Distinguishing Between Real and Fool’s Gold



1. Where is the 4% Going?

The 4 Percent Well-Spent Could Be the Silver Bullet


Insomnia-Producing Realities


The Marketplace: Pedagogy, Passion, and Profit


2. A Glitch in the Matrix

Cognitive Bias: If Only We Were Impartial as Judges

3. How Do We Really Know?

The Scarecrow Was Only Partially Right Lesson Observation

18 20

24 27 29

The Limits of Lesson Observation


The Curve Before the Plateau


Deliberate Open-Mindedness




Assessment: Measuring the Teaching & Learning Journey


Navigating by the Light of the Stars


Navigating with a GPS System


4. Meta-Analysis


Effect Size: Does it Pack the Punch of a T-Rex, a Boxer, or a Cat?


Building Gleaming Glass Cities with Education Data


A Q & A to Explore Common Challenges


Towards a Global What-Works Repository


Conclusion 51

The Role of Worship: the Prince Philip Movement


Bibliography 54


Education Cargo Cults

Must Die

John Hattie Arran Hamilton

About Visible Learning In 2008, Professor John Hattie published Visible Learning, a synthesis of more than 800 meta-studies covering more than 80 million students. The book revealed what education variables have the biggest impact on learning and created a new mindset that has swept up educators around the world. Visible Learning means that students know what they need to learn, how to learn it, and how to evaluate their own progress. Using the Visible Learning approach, teachers become evaluators of their own impact on student learning. The combination causes students to drive their own learning. Since 2008, Professor Hattie has teamed with highly influential educators to expand the Visible Learning canon with books, including Visible Learning into Action, Visible Learning for Teachers, Visible Learning for Mathematics and Visible Learning for Literacy. Visible Learningplus is the model of professional learning that takes the theory of Hattie’s research and puts it into a practical inquiry model for teachers and school leaders to ask questions of themselves about the impact they are having on student achievement. Visible Learningplus is a result of the collaboration between Professor John Hattie and Corwin with the aim to help educators translate the Visible Learning research. Through a global network of partners, Visible Learningplus professional learning is implemented in over 20 countries in North America, Europe, and the Pacific.

About Corwin Corwin, a SAGE Publishing company, was established in 1990, first as a professional book publisher, now as a full-service professional learning company, offering professional development solutions on the topics that matter most and the delivery methods that work best to achieve a school or district’s objectives. Its many resources range from a library of 4,000+ books to on-site consulting to online courses and events. At the heart of every professional learning experience is the book content and author expertise that have made Corwin the most trusted name in professional develo