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National Survey

of Research and Development in Singapore Agency for Science, Technology and Research www.a-star.edu.sg

NATIONAL SURVEY OF R&D IN SINGAPORE 2014

Published by: Agency for Science, Technology and Research Singapore December 2015

CONTENTS Foreword

1

Overview of R&D in Singapore

2

Business Expenditure on R&D (BERD)

3

Public Expenditure on R&D (PUBERD)

5

R&D Talent

7

Patents

10

International Comparisons of R&D

11

Explanatory Notes and Definitions

12

Methodology

19

Tables

21

Foreword As we celebrate 50 years of nation building, the next phase of Singapore’s development will be shaped by a knowledge- and innovation-based economy. A paradigm shift towards hi-tech products and services is sweeping the world, and Singapore must continue to innovate in order to stay competitive. With Asia strongly influencing technological trends that disrupt existing ways of doing business, and creating innovations for new markets and discerning consumers, Singapore’s continued commitment to R&D and innovation efforts will contribute to growth and prosperity. In 2014, Business Expenditure on R&D (BERD) reached a new high of $5.2 billion in 2014, up 16% from $4.5 billion in 2013. Of this, BERD spending among local enterprises grew most rapidly – increasing by 23% from $1,357 million in 2013 to $1,666 million in 2014. SMEs led the growth, with their spending growing by 38% and reaching the $800 million mark for the first time. This reflects the growing innovation capacity of local enterprises, as well as their commitment to undertake R&D to build competitive businesses.

The Singapore government remains committed to research, innovation and enterprise. Over the past 10 years, Public Expenditure on R&D (PUBERD) has continued to increase at a CAGR of 8%, reaching $3.3 billion in 2014. As we enter 2016 and into Singapore’s Research, Innovation and Enterprise (RIE) 2020 plan, we will continue to stimulate the growth of R&D and innovation in our public and private sectors. This survey would not be possible without the support of participating organisations in both the public and private sector. I would like to thank you for your important contributions, and we look forward to continue working together in transforming Singapore into a knowledge based economy.

Singapore’s R&D intensity increased from 2.0% of GDP in 2013 to 2.2% in 2014. On the whole, Gross Expenditure on R&D (GERD) reached a record at $8.5 billion in 2014 – growing by 13% from $7.6 billion in 2013. The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) over the past 10 years (2004-2014) had been 8%. R&D investments have also created high-value jobs in Singapore. The number of R&D jobs in Singapore reached a new high of 42,100 in 2014. This comprises Research Scientists and Engineers (RSEs), non-degree researchers, technicians and other supporting staff. Of the RSEs, higher-skilled RSE jobs grew significantly in the private sector – RSEs with PhDs grew by 9% to 1,757 and RSEs with Masters increased by 5% to 4,946.

Dr Raj. Thampuran Managing Director Agency for Science, Technology and Research Singapore

1 National R&D Survey of Singapore 2014

12,000

450,000

GDP ($m)

400,000

10,000

350,000

GERD $m

8,000

300,000 250,000

6,000

200,000 150,000

4,000

100,000

2,000

GERD in Singapore grew by 12.7% from $7.6 billion in 2013 to $8.5 billion in 2014. In the same period, Singapore’s GDP (at current market prices) increased by 3.1% from $378.2 billion in 2013 to $390.1 billion in 2014. In 2004, GERD was $4.1 billion and GDP stood at $193 billion. The Compou