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New Voices Series No. 9, February 2011

Gender Violence as Insecurity: Research Trends in South Asia Anupama Srinivasan

Srinivasan, A. (2011). Gender Violence as Insecurity: Research Trends in South Asia, New Voices Series, no. 9, February, Global Consortium on Security Transformation (GCST). Available at: http://www.securitytransformation.org/gc_publications.php

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Gender Violence as Insecurity: Research Trends in South Asia Anupama Srinivasan∗

Contents 1.

Setting the Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

1.1. Gender Violence in South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2

1.2. Gender Violence as Insecurity

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3

1.3. About this Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

2.

Researching Gender Violence: Scope and Challenges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

2.1. Working Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

2.1.1. Gender violence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

2.1.2. Insecurity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

2.1.3. Research

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

2.2. Researching Gender Violence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7

3.

The State of Gender Violence in. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9

3.1. Bangladesh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9

3.2. Bhutan

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

3.3. India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.4. Maldives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3.5. Nepal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.6. Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.7. Sri Lanka 4.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Key Findings and Concluding Reflections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

∗ Programme

Director of the Gender Violence Research and Information Taskforce (GRIT), Prajnya, India.

1

Gender Violence as Insecurity: Research Trends in South Asia

1.

A. Srinivasan

Setting the Context Across the world, gender violence is pervasive and persistent, cutting across divisions of class,