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M E A S U R E O F A M ER I CA of the Social Science Research Council

A PORTRAIT OF

NEW YORK CITY 2018 WELL-BEING IN THE FIVE BOROUGHS AND THE GREATER METRO AREA Kristen Lewis Sarah Burd-Sharps

Kingston

Torrington

87

Poughkeepsie Monticello Waterbury 84

Newburgh

84

91

Middletown Danbury

New Haven

Peekskill 95 684

Bridgeport

Spring Valley Newton

Norwalk

White Plains

87

Stamford East Hampton

287

Yonkers New Rochelle

Paterson

80

Dover

Clifton

Hackettstown

Glen Cove

Morristown

495

Newark Jersey City New York City Elizabeth 78

Huntington

Plainfield

Brookhaven Islip

Hempstead 678

278

Somerville Edison

Flemington

New Brunswick

95

Long Branch Freehold

Trenton

195

Toms River

HD INDEX 7.61–9.36 6.73–7.60 6.09–6.72 5.25–6.08 3.10–5.24

A PORTRAIT OF

NEW YORK CITY 2018 WELL-BEING IN THE FIVE BOROUGHS AND THE GREATER METRO AREA

Contents

Acknowledgments ................................................................................................... 4 Key Findings ....................................................................................................... 6 Understanding Human Development ................................................................ 16 Introduction ...................................................................................................... 16 How Is Human Development Measured?......................................................... 19 The Benefits of the Human Development Index .............................................. 22 What the HD Index Reveals: The New York Metropolitan Area ......................... 24 Introduction: The Regional Context ................................................................. 25 Variation by Gender ......................................................................................... 27 Variation by Race and Ethnicity ....................................................................... 28 Variation by Nativity ......................................................................................... 34 Variation by Geography .................................................................................... 35 Spotlight on Vital Regional Issues ................................................................... 44 Global Goals Dashboard................................................................................... 56 The Five New Yorks .......................................................................................... 58 New York City Spotlight: What the HD Index Reveals about New York City ....... 82 Introduction ...................................................................................................... 83 Variation by Race and Ethnicity ....................................................................... 83 Variation by Gender .......................................................................................... 88 Variation by Nativity.......................................................................................... 89 Variation by Geography: Neighborhood Tabulation Areas ............................... 90 What About Neighborhood Change? ............................................................... 94 A Long and Healthy Life .................................................................................. 100 Introduction ................................................................................................... 101 Variation by Gender ....................................................................