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ACN Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia Anti-Corruption Division Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 2, rue André-Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France Phone: +33(0)1 45249964, Fax: +33(0)1 44306307 E-mail: [email protected] Website: www.oecd.org/corruption/acn

OECD Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan

Second Round of Monitoring KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

Monitoring report

The report was adopted at the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan plenary meeting on 24 February 2012 at the OECD Headquarters in Paris

Table of Contents Executive Summary...................................................................................................................... 4 Anti-Corruption Policy..................................................................................................................... 4 Criminalisation of Corruption ......................................................................................................... 5 Prevention of Corruption ................................................................................................................ 5 Second Round of Monitoring ........................................................................................................ 7 Country Background Information ................................................................................................. 8 Economic and social situation......................................................................................................... 8 Political structure ............................................................................................................................ 8 Trends in corruption ....................................................................................................................... 9 1. Anti-Corruption Policy ............................................................................................................ 11 1.1. Political will to fight corruption ................................................................................................. 11 1.2. Anti-corruption policy documents ............................................................................................. 12 1.3. Corruption surveys ..................................................................................................................... 13 1.4. Public participation .................................................................................................................... 14 1.5. Raising awareness and public education ................................................................................... 15 1.6. Specialized anti-corruption policy and co-ordination bodies .................................................... 17 1.7. Participation in international anti-corruption conventions ....................................................... 18 2. Criminalisation of Corruption.................................................................................................. 19 2.1. – 2.2. Offences, elements of offence ......................................................................................... 20 2.3. Definition of public official ......................................................................................................... 25 2.4. Sanctions .................................................................................................................................... 26 2.5. Confiscation ............................................................................................................................... 29 2.6. Immunities and statute of limitations ....................................................................................... 31 2.7. International Co-operation and mutual legal assistance ........................................................... 35 2.8. Application, interpretation and p