OECD Science, Technology and Innovation ... - Departement EWI

The OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016 is the .... all of the DSTI, based on information gathered through the EC/OECD STI Policy ...... medium-to-long term future to be envisioned, at least with some degree of confidence.
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OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016

This report was approved and declassified by the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP) on 14 September 2016 and prepared for publication by the OECD Secretariat. This document and any map included herein are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area.

Please cite this publication as: OECD (2016), OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016, OECD Publishing, Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/sti_in_outlook-2016-en

ISBN 978-92-64-26305-5 (print) ISBN 978-92-64-26306-2 (PDF)

Biennial: ISSN 2518-6272 (print) ISSN 2518-6167 (PDF)

The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.

Photo credits: © Renaud Madigner for the OECD.

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FOREWORD

Foreword

T

he OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016 is the eleventh in a biennial series designed to review key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) in OECD countries and a number of major non-member economies: Argentina, Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Lithuania, Malaysia, Peru, the Russian Federation, South Africa and Thailand. It aims at informing policy makers, business representatives and analysts about recent and anticipated changes in the global patterns of science, technology and innovation and about the current and possible future implications for national STI policies both at global and national level. The STI Outlook 2016 takes a more forward-looking perspective compared to previous editions. Chapter 1 considers megatrends that are expected to have a strong impact on the global economy and on the financing of innovation, on our future society and its relationship with STI, and on the modern state and future STI policy. Chapter 2 discusses ten key emerging technology trends that not only are the most promising and potentially the most disruptive but which also carry significant risks. The technologies covered are big data, the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, additive manufacturing, nano/microsatellites, neurotechnologies, synthetic biology, nanomaterials, advanced energy storage technologies and blockchain. Chapter 3 presents future trends in science policy over a 10-15 year horizon and takes a forward-looking approach to issues related to multidisciplinarity, excellence, targeted funding, open science, the digitalisation of science and the attractiveness of research careers. The STI Outlook 2016 also presents recent trends in STI in light of the fragile economic recovery, the scarcity of funding for innovation and entrepreneurship, mounting fiscal pressure, globalisation and major societal challenges (climate change, ageing societies and growing inequali