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ELT Research Papers 13–01

Own-language use in ELT: exploring global practices and attitudes Graham Hall and Guy Cook

ELT Research Papers 13–01

Own-language use in ELT: exploring global practices and attitudes Graham Hall and Guy Cook

ISBN 978-0-86355-705-7 © British Council 2013 Brand and Design /C448 10 Spring Gardens London SW1A 2BN, UK www.britishcouncil.org

Graham Hall is Senior Lecturer in Applied Linguistics at Northumbria University, UK, where he teaches on the university’s MA Applied Linguistics for TESOL and MA TESOL programmes. He has been involved in English language teaching/TESOL for 20 years, working as a teacher and teacher educator. His research interests range from classroom discourse to the cultural politics of TESOL. He is the editor of ELT Journal and has published Exploring English Language Teaching: Language in Action (Routledge, 2011), which was the winner of the British Association for Applied Linguistics Book Prize 2012. [email protected]

Guy Cook is Professor of Language in Education at King’s College London, UK. He was formerly head of TESOL at the London University Institute of Education (1991–98), Professor of Applied Linguistics at the University of Reading (1998–2004) and Professor of Language in Education at The Open University (2005–12). He has published extensively on applied linguistics, English language teaching and discourse analysis. He was co-editor of the journal Applied Linguistics 2004–09, and was Chair of the British Association for Applied Linguistics 2009–12. His books include Translation in Language Teaching (Oxford University Press, 2010, winner of the International House Ben Warren Prize), Genetically Modified Language (Routledge, 2004), Applied Linguistics (Oxford University Press, 2003), The Discourse of Advertising (Routledge, 2001) and Language Play, Language Learning (Oxford University Press, 2000, winner of the MLA Kenneth Mildenberger Prize). [email protected]

Contents Abstract ................................................................................................................................................................................. 6 1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................... 7 2 Own-language use in ELT: theoretical background and current debates ..................................................... 8 3 Research methodology .............................................................................................................................................. 11 4 Results ............................................................................................................................................................................ 14 5 Summary ....................................................................................................................................................................... 26 References .......................................................................................................................................................................... 28 Appendix 1 – The Questionnaire ................................................................................................................................... 30 Appendix 2 – Questionnaire participants, by country ............................................................................................. 38 Appendix 3 – Descriptive statistics for Section 2 (questions 10, 11 and 12) of the questionnaire – ‘Own-language use in your classroom’............................................................................................... 40

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Abstract Throughout the 20th century, professional and methodological discussion and debate within ELT (English language teaching) assumed that English is best taught and learned without the use of the students’ own lang