Philippines - Civicus

Mar 6, 2011 - In 2009-2010, the Caucus of Development NGO Networks (CODE-NGO) undertook the ...... Cooperatives Development Authority (government agency). CEO ...... resources and greater application of ethical standards.
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Civil Society Index: Philippines An assessment of Philippine Civil Society March 2011

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2 Civil Society Index: Philippines An Assessment of Philippine Civil Society Copyright © 2011 CODE-NGO and CIVICUS

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The Caucus of Development NGO Networks (CODE-NGO) and CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation encourage the use, translation, adaptation and copying of this material for noncommercial use, with appropriate credit given to CODE-NGO and CIVICUS.

ISBN: ______________________

Printed and bound in Quezon City, Philippines.

Published by Caucus of Development NGO Networks (CODE-NGO) 69 Esteban Abada Street, Loyola Heights, Quezon City, 1108, Philippines Telephone / Fax No.: +632 9202595 or +632 4356616 E-mail: [email protected] Website: www.code-ngo.org

CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation (CIVICUS) Civicus House 24 Gwigwi Mrwebi Newtown 2001 Johannesburg, South Africa PO Box 933 Southdale 2135 South Africa Telephone No.: +27 11 8335959 Fax No.: +27 11 8337997 E-mail: [email protected] Website: www.civicus.org

Research and Production Team Lead researcher and writer: Philip Arnold P. Tuaño Researcher: Sylvia Rachel Reyes-Sescon Consultants and editors: Ma. Oliva Z. Domingo Sixto Donato C. Macasaet Project coordinator: Patrick O. Lim

CIVICUS Civil Society Index Analytical Report for the Philippines

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FOREWORD In 2009-2010, the Caucus of Development NGO Networks (CODE-NGO) undertook the Philippine Civil Society Index (CSI) project in order to better understand the nature and function of civil society in the Philippines. We were glad to have organised the project, as it helped to deepen our understanding of the nature of civil society in the Philippines and allowed us to collaborate with many individuals and organisations. When CODE-NGO applied to CIVICUS to be the national coordinating organisation and carry out the CSI project in the Philippines, we were very interested in understanding how Philippine civil society fares in relation to neighbouring countries in South East Asia and to other countries around the world. Even if Philippine civil society has often been characterised as one of the “most dynamic” in the region, it was deemed important to find out its strengths and weaknesses compared to other countries, and to determine priority areas that CODENGO and other civil society organisations (CSOs) should pay attention to in terms of their policy advocacy and programme development. It is hoped that the report will further enrich the understanding of civil society, not only among those who comprise the sector itself, but also among its partners - national and local governments, business, academia and others - in working towards the important goal of Philippine development and democratisation. Anna Marie Karaos Chairperson Sixto Donato Macasaet Executive Director Caucus of Development NGO Networks Quezon City, 31 January 2011

CIVICUS Civil Society Index Analytical Report for the Philippines

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank our partner organisations and the many individuals who helped us finalise the project. They include: • CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation (CIVICUS), for providing us with the research framework and methodologies to undertake the project. Particularly Tracy Anderson, whose advice on research during the implementation of the project has been invaluable, and Andrew Firmin, David Kode and Mark Nowottny for their assistance in finalising this report; • The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)-Governance Portfolio, especially Dr. Emmanuel Buendia, the Commission on Human Rights and The Asia Foundation, and especially Dr. Steve Rood, for providing us with financial support that enabled us undertake the project; • The Social Weather Stations, for undertaking the population survey for the project; • Patr