Pioneers of Soviet Computing Date: 2010 - sigcis

Oct 19, 2006 - computers – based on the IBM 360 design - is described in depth, along ...... IBM did not buy the computer for calculation purposes, but to prove to their ...... Cheap and available oscilloscope cathode ray tubes were used as ...
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Title: Pioneers of Soviet Computing Date: 2010 (2nd ed.) Author(s): Boris Nikolaevich Malinovsky Editor(s): Anne Fitzpatrick (ed.); Emmanuel Aronie (trans.); and Kate Maldonado (ed. Consultant) Description: Electronic book, 201 pp. Abstract: Boris N. Malinovsky’s Pioneers of Soviet Computing is the English language version of his earlier Russian language The History of Computing in Personalities (in Russian: История Вычислительной Техники в Лицах). Partly technical history and partly a memoir, it is the only existing first person account of the birth of modern computing in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus. It chronicles the life and work of renowned Soviet computer scientists S.A. Lebedev, V.M. Glushkov, N.P. Brusentsov, I.S. Brook, and many others. It describes numerous indigenous and original Soviet computer hardware projects from the end of the Second World War through the decades that followed, interlaced with commentary on the Soviet political and social systems that constrained rapid and free technological advancement. In addition, this work reviews the various Russian and Ukrainian computing schools ranging from the highly philosophical cybernetics and artificial intelligence to the applied defense computing institutions supporting the military and weapons enterprises. The epic effort to mass produce the Unified System (ES) series of computers – based on the IBM 360 design - is described in depth, along with the political and bureaucratic intrigue and personal and technological struggles that accompanied.   Subjects: Soviet Union, USSR, Electronic Computing, Science, Defense, MESM, BESM, ES, Elbrus, Setun, Cybernetics, Control Computers, Ternary.   Citation: Malinovsky, Boris Nikolaevich. Pioneers of Soviet Computing. Edited by Anne Fitzpatrick. Translated by Emmanuel Aronie. N.p.: published electronically, 2010. http://www.sigcis.org/files/sigcismc2010_001.pdf. Notes: This pdf book is available free of charge but users are required to observe the rules of the Creative Commons license for this at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/. File Name: sigcismc2010_001.pdf

Pioneers of Soviet Computing By Boris Nikolaevich Malinovsky Anne Fitzpatrick, editor Emmanuel Aronie, translator Kate Maldonado, editorial consultant

Forward and New Introduction to the 2010 version of Pioneers of Soviet Computing Welcome to the 2010 version of Pioneers of Soviet Computing. Changes in this version include this new forward and introduction, acknowledgements, and several appendices that include academic peer reviews, praise, and reader and author comments originally published on sovietcomputing.com, where this book formerly resided. This pdf book is available free of charge but users are required to observe the rules of the Creative Commons license for this at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bynd/3.0/. Our decision to publish on the internet came from a long and tedious course of attempting to work with both university and commercial academic publishers who failed to publish it. Bringing this manuscript to publication was an epic adventure in itself, so we decided to share our experience here, along with some commentary on academic publishing today and its inevitable demise. The first Russian language version of this book was released in hard copy in 1995 in Kiev. By 1999 a sketchy publication contract had been secured by the author with a New York area semi-commercial publisher. From then until 2005 the manuscript languished at this press while the original academic editor did nothing to push its production along, yet somehow it had been assigned both cloth and paper ISBN numbers. We terminated our contract with this publisher in 2005 when the latest in a series of three successive editors responsible for the project called and said that they could not publish the manuscript because it would not generate enough profit. After this, several well-known U.S.-based university presses requested from us the manuscript and its prospectus for review. The editor-in-chief at one of these presses i