Political Culture of Democracy in Ecuador, 2010 - Vanderbilt University

http://a330.g.akamai.net/7/330/25828/20081021185552/graphics.eiu.com/PDF/Democracy% 20Index% 202008.pdf. 34 Vanhanen covers the period from 1810 ...
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Political Culture of Democracy in Ecuador, 2010 Democratic Consolidation in the Americas in Hard Times

By: Juan Carlos Donoso, Ph.D. Daniel Montalvo, Ph.D. Diana Orcés, Ph.D.

Mitchell A. Seligson, Ph.D. Scientific Coordinator and Editor of the Series Vanderbilt University

This study was done with support from the Program in Democracy and Governance of the United States Agency for International Development. The opinions expressed in this study are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the point of view of the United States Agency for International Development.

March, 2011

Political Culture of Democracy in Ecuador, 2010

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF FIGURES .................................................................................................................................................................... V LIST OF TABLES .....................................................................................................................................................................XI PREFACE ...............................................................................................................................................................................XIII PROLOGUE: BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY............................................................................................................... XV Acknowledgements ...........................................................................................................................................xxii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................................................................................................XXV PART I: HARD TIMES AND THEIR EFFECTS ON DEMOCRACY ................................................................................. 1 CHAPTER I . HARD TIMES IN THE AMERICAS: ECONOMIC OVERVIEW .............................................................. 3 Introduction......................................................................................................................................................... 3 Economic Overview............................................................................................................................................. 3 Dimensions of the Economic Crisis in Ecuador .................................................................................................. 9 Trends in Democratic Development.................................................................................................................. 12 Dimensions of Democracy in Ecuador.............................................................................................................. 14 The Relationship between Hard Times and Democracy.................................................................................... 16 CHAPTER II . CITIZEN PERCEPTIONS AND EXPERIENCES DURING HARD TIMES IN THE AMERICAS .... 19 Introduction....................................................................................................................................................... 19 Perceptions of the Magnitude of the Economic Crisis ...................................................................................... 19 Who is to Blame for the Economic Crisis?........................................................................................................ 22 The Ecuadorian Case ........................................................................................................................................ 24 Personal Experiences with Economic Instability .............................................................................................. 25 Job loss............................................................................................................................................................................ 25

Socio-Demographic Factors and Employment in Ecuador...............................................