Post Graduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies - University of Canterbury

Motion detector lights installed in sections of base. • Skeleton lighting system installed in Stage 4 linkway corridor. • Unnecessary vehicles unplugged from ...
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Post Graduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies: ANTA504

An Investigation into Fuel Utilisation and Energy Generation in Antarctica

Anna Mason Student ID: 75606998

Table of Contents Executive Summary .......................................................................................................... 3 Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 4 Antarctic Fuel Re-Supply Operations................................................................................ 5 Future of USAP Re-Supply Operations ......................................................................... 8 Scott Base Energy System ............................................................................................. 10 Scott Base Electrical and Thermal Power Production ................................................. 10 Scott Base Energy Loads ............................................................................................ 11 Scott Base Fuel Usage ................................................................................................... 12 Scott Base Fuels ......................................................................................................... 12 Electrical Energy Production and Fuel Usage ............................................................. 12 Thermal Energy Fuel Usage........................................................................................ 13 Combined Energy Fuel Usage .................................................................................... 14 Vehicle and Field Support Fuel Usage ........................................................................ 14 Scott Base Fuel Distribution............................................................................................ 16 Annual Fuel Usage and Distribution ............................................................................ 16 Monthly Fuel Usage and Distribution........................................................................... 17 Antarctic Fuel Costs ........................................................................................................ 19 Fuel Price Volatility ...................................................................................................... 19 Fuel Re-Supply Costs.................................................................................................. 19 Exchange Rate Fluctuations........................................................................................ 19 Scott Base Fuel Costs ................................................................................................. 20 Issues Associated with Fuel Usage in Antarctica............................................................ 22 Environmental Issues .................................................................................................. 22 Cost Issues.................................................................................................................. 23 Supply Issues .............................................................................................................. 23 Antarctic Fuel Usage and the Future........................................................................... 23 Energy Efficiency in Antarctica........................................................................................ 24 Energy Efficient Station Design ................................................................................... 24 Energy Efficient Station Operations............................................................................. 24 Scott Base Energy Efficiency ...................................................................................... 25 Antarctic Alternative Energy Options .............................................................................. 27 Wind Energy Generation ............................................................................................. 27 Solar Energy Generation ...............