Prachina vanijya and Translation - Calicut University

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PRACHINA VANIJYA AND TRANSLATION For

II Semester B.Com/BBA Common Course (2014 Admission)

UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION Calicut University P.O. Malappuram, Kerala-673 635

UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION

B.Com/BBA II Semester

Common Course in Sanskrit

PRACHINA VANIJYA AND TRANSLATION Prepared by:

Dr.Indira, Guest Lecturer Department of Sanskrit, Sreekrishnapuram VTB College, Palakkad.

Scrutinised By:

Sri.M.K.Narayanan Namboodiri, Associate Professor, Department of Sanskrit, Sreekrishnapuram VTB College, Palakkad.

Layout:

Computer Section, SDE

© Reserved

Contents MODULE – I UNIT : ONE

PRACINA VANIJYAM

ABOUT TREASURY (KOSA)

ABOUT VARTA

10

15

ܨµ÷÷µ÷Ñ 4 ø÷„ªç ÷¨µ÷Å÷ÑÖ CHAPTER 4 THE SUPERINTENDENT OF TOLLS

UNIT:FIVE

5

ܨµ÷÷µ÷Ñ 3. æ÷÷ü÷÷‘√÷¥÷„ßø¸Í ÷ÑÖÖ CHAPTER 3

UNIT : FOUR

ABOUT WEALTH

ܨµ÷÷µ÷Ñ 2. ç˙÷Íø÷√÷¥÷„££À ø͸ ÷ÑÖ CHAPTER 2

UNIT: THREE

5

ܨµ÷÷µ÷Ñ 1 Ö Ü¸£÷‘√÷¥÷„££¸À ø¸Í ÷Ñ Ö CHAPTER 1

UNIT: TWO

Page

19

ܨµ÷÷µ÷Ñ-5. æµ÷æ÷∆¸÷∏√£÷÷Ø÷≠÷÷ ◊æ÷æ÷÷£¸Ø÷£¸◊≠÷≤÷≠¨÷øî÷ÖÖ CHAPTER 5 ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE AND

24

TYPES OF LEGAL DISPUTES

UNIT SIX

ܨµ÷÷µ÷Ñ 6 ª÷Íèµ÷√÷¥÷„ßø¸Í ÷Ñ Ö CHAPTER SIX ABOUT DOCUMENTS

28

MODULE - I PRACINA VANIJYAM Prachina vanijyam is a collection of some concepts regarding trade and commerce in ancient India which were revealed in ancient texts like Arthasastra, Sukraniti, Kamandakanitisara, Somadeva’s Nitisutras, Brhaspat’s Nitisutrani and Manusmrithi. These texts are intended for the administration to the routine duties of a king. Dr. M. Sivakumara Swamy, Rtd: Professor of Sanskrit, Bangalore University, Bangalore has done a lot to the field of commerce by way of editing this text. The students of commerce should be thankful to Dr. Sivakumara Swamy for unearthing and bringing to light this ancient treasure to knowledge to modern world. Prachina vanijyam contains 13 chapter concerned with different topics on trade and commerce. Out of which only six chapters are included in the syllabi of B.com programme. They are Chapter 1 Arthasamuddesa(About wealth), Chapter 2 Kosasamuddesa (About treasury), Chapter 3 Vartha samauddesa (About Vartha), Chapter 9 -Sulkadhyaksha (The superintendent of tolls), Chapter 11Vyavahara sthapana Vivadapadanibandhasca (Administration of justice and types of legal disputes), Chapter 13 – Lekhya samuddesa (About Douments). The study of these chapters may help the student of commerce to achieve a several awareness of trade and commerce prevailed in ancient India. There by they would be able to understand and compare trade and commerce in modern perspective.

UNIT : ONE Ø÷œ÷ì÷fl≠÷æ÷÷◊ù÷ïµ÷¥÷À Ö Ü¨µ÷÷µ÷Ñ 1 Ö Ü¸£÷‘√÷¥÷„£¸£À ¸øÍ ÷Ñ Ö CHAPTER 1 ABOUT WEALTH Ü£÷’ Ü÷ï÷‘µ÷Íü÷À Ö µ÷Ã√µ÷Ã÷£÷‘∏÷◊ø÷∏¤√ü÷ ü÷√µ÷¸ ◊¥÷°÷÷◊ù÷ ¨÷¥÷‘Ñ ◊æ÷£Àµ÷÷ ê÷„ù÷÷Ñ ◊æ÷å∏¸¥÷Ñ æ÷È£◊¸À ¨÷øî÷ Ö Ü¨÷≠÷Í≠÷÷£÷‘¥÷÷ï÷‘◊µ÷Ãü÷„” ≠÷ ø÷çÀ˙µ÷Ãü÷Í, ê÷ï÷÷Í Üê÷ï÷Í≠÷Íæ÷ Ö ¨÷≠÷¥÷ʪ÷” ï÷ê÷ü÷À , √÷æ÷÷‘◊ù÷ ü÷°÷ √÷¤≠ü÷Ö ◊≠÷¨÷‘≠÷÷Í ¥÷Èü÷Ñ (áæ÷) Ö ≤÷÷∆‘¸√Ø÷üµ÷Ã÷◊≠÷ ≠÷fl◊ü÷√÷Ê°÷÷◊ù÷ Ö Wealth should be earned. He who has wealth gets friends, religion (dharma), Knowledge, merit, valour and wisdom. One without wealth cannot earn wealth, as one without an elephant cannot catch an elephant. Wealth is the fundamental need of the world. Everything depends upon wealth. One without money is as good as dead. (From Brhaspati’s Nitisutras)

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