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Prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases in the European Region: a progress report

Prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases in the European Region: a progress report

Abstract Noncommunicable diseases continue to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the European Region. Member States have made significant progress in implementation of prevention and control activities in keeping with the mandates set forth by the Health 2020 and the Action Plan for Implementation of the European Strategy for Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases 2012-2016. This report aims to demonstrate achievements made in the various proposed action areas, reporting the activities already undertaken and future plans, through presentation of data for the region derived from WHO’s NCD Country Capacity Survey 2013. While the report reveals gaps and challenges faced in the achievement of desired objectives, it also highlights examples of innovation in contextualization of interventions within various countries in the region. These, in addition to the impressive progress documented herein, are intended to challenge Member States to scale up efforts to eliminate the needless loss of life and productivity caused by NCDs within the region.

Keywords Chronic disease Health information systems Health Management and Planning Health policy Public policy Primary prevention

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© World Health Organization 2014 All rights reserved. The Regional Office for Europe of the World Health Organization welcomes requests for permission to reproduce or translate its publications, in part or in full. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. Errors and omissions excepted, the names of proprietary products are distinguished by initial capital letters. All reasonable precautions have been taken by the World Health Organization to verify the information contained in this publication. However, the published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either express or implied. The responsibility for the interpretation and use of the material lies with the reader. In no event shall the World Health Organization be liable for damages arising from its use. The views expressed by authors, editors, or expert groups do not necessarily represent the decisions or the stated policy of the World Health Organization.

Contents

Acknowledgements 

 iv

Abbreviations 

 iv

Foreword 

 v

Executive summary  1. Introduction 

 vi  1

1.1. Burden of NCDs 

 1

1.2. Inequity within and between countries in the Region related to NCDs 

 2

1.3. Intersectoral action on NCDs 

 3

1.4. NCDs and the sustainable development and post‑2015 agenda 

 4

1.5. Current framework for preventing and controlling NCDs 

 5

2. Progress in the four priority areas of the Eu