Reducing Cyanobacteria Risks - Eos: Earth and Space Science News

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VOL. 96 • NO. 23 • 15 DEC 2015

Earth & Space Science News

Reducing Cyanobacteria Risks Solar Storm Hazards Better Forecasting of Volcanic Eruptions New Spin on Pluto’s Moons

Earth & Space Science News

Contents

15 DECEMBER 2015 VOLUME 96, ISSUE 23

PROJECT UPDATE

10 Better Forecasting for the Next Volcanic Eruption The Eruptive Precursors project in Campi Flegrei, Italy, seeks to understand conditions leading to caldera eruptions.

NEWS

4 White House Plan Focuses on Hazards from Solar Storms

16 COVER

Agencies Collaborate, Develop a Cyanobacteria Assessment Network An integrated, holistic approach to detecting and characterizing cyanobacteria blooms could reduce human health risks and better direct field resources.

Earth & Space Science News

The administration has issued a new strategy and action plan to increase protection from damaging solar emissions.

OPINION

7

Data for All: Using Satellite Observations for Social Good

The satellite and science communities must engage with stakeholders to identify priorities and capabilities, enabling the most beneficial use of abundant satellite sensing data.

Eos.org // 1

Contents

DEPARTMENTS Editor in Chief Barbara T. Richman: AGU, Washington, D. C., USA; eos_ [email protected] Editors Christina M. S. Cohen California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif., USA; [email protected]​.caltech.edu José D. Fuentes Department of Meteorology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa., USA; [email protected]

25 23–25 Research Spotlight Great Lakes Hold Sway over Water and Carbon Cycling; Sea Level Rise Due to Warming, Weakening of Greenland Glaciers; Hydraulic Fracturing Water Use Is Tied to Environmental Impact; New Clues to Mysterious Hiss in Earth’s Plasmasphere; Water Waves Provide Insight into Landslides and Avalanche Models.

24 3–6 News New Spin on Pluto’s Moons; White House Plan Focuses on Hazards from Solar Storms; Students with Disabilities Not Just Welcome but Expected.

7–8 Opinion Data for All: Using Satellite Observations for Social Good.

21–22 AGU News Water Resources Research at 50: Lasting Impact Expected to Grow; How Your Gift Can Keep On Giving. facebook.com/AmericanGeophysicalUnion

2 // Eos

26–31 Positions Available Current job openings in the Earth and space sciences.

32 Postcards from the Field Researchers dig snow pits in the Juneau Icefield to help calculate the mass balance of the Taku Glacier.

On the Cover Satellite image of the July 2015 cyanobacteria bloom in Lake St. Clair. This bloom, which also affected Lake Erie, was the second worst on recent record. Credit: Joshua Stevens, NASA Earth Observatory, using USGS Landsat data. @AGU_Eos

Wendy S. Gordon Ecologia Consulting, Austin, Texas, USA; [email protected]​ .com David Halpern Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., USA; [email protected]​ .com

Editorial Advisory Board M. Lee Allison, Earth and Space Science Informatics Mark G. Flanner, Atmospheric Sciences Nicola J. Fox, Space Physics and Aeronomy Steve Frolking, Biogeosciences Edward J. Garnero, Study of the Earth’s Deep Interior Michael N. Gooseff, Hydrology Brian C. Gunter, Geodesy Kristine C. Harper, History of Geophysics Susan E. Hough, Natural Hazards Emily R. Johnson, Volcanology, Geochemistry, and Petrology Keith D. Koper, Seismology Robert E. Kopp, Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism

Carol A. Stein Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Ill., USA; [email protected]

John W. Lane, Near-Surface Geophysics Jian Lin, Tectonophysics Figen Mekik, Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology Jerry L. Miller, Ocean Sciences Michael A. Mischna, Planetary Sciences Thomas H. Painter, Cryosphere Sciences