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RESULTS FROM THE PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS AGEING AND SENIORS SURVEY (2013/2014)

MATHEW MATHEWS and PAULIN TAY STRAUGHAN October 2014 IPS Working Papers No. 22

About Institute of Policy Studies (IPS) The Institute of Policy Studies (IPS) was established in 1988 to promote a greater awareness of policy issues and good governance. Today, IPS is a thinktank within the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (LKYSPP) at the National University of Singapore. It seeks to cultivate clarity of thought, forward thinking and a big-picture perspective on issues of critical national interest through strategic deliberation and research. It adopts a multi-disciplinary approach in its analysis and takes the long-term view. It studies the attitudes and aspirations of Singaporeans which have an impact on policy development and the relevant areas of diplomacy and international affairs. The Institute bridges and engages the diverse stakeholders through its conferences and seminars, closed-door discussions, publications, and surveys on public perceptions of policy.

This research and publication was initiated and commissioned by the Council for Third Age.

IPS Working Papers No.22

RESULTS FROM THE PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS AGEING AND SENIORS SURVEY (2013/2014)

MATHEW MATHEWS1 Senior Research Fellow Institute of Policy Studies National University of Singapore and PAULIN TAY STRAUGHAN Associate Professor Department of Sociology National University of Singapore

October 2014

1. Please direct your comments and queries about this paper to Mathew Mathews at [email protected] The authors acknowledge the expertise of Leong Wenshan, Mohammad Khamsya bin Khidzer, Teo Kay Key and Brenda Wee in the preparation of this manuscript.

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CONTENTS

ABSTRACT

5

SECTIONS 1. INTRODUCTION

8

1.1 AGEING AND POLICY

8

1.2 METHODOLOGY

12

1.3 STRUCTURE OF PAPER

13

1.4 SAMPLE PROFILE

14

2. TOWARDS SUCCESSFUL AGEING

20

2.1 BELIEFS ABOUT THE CONSTITUENTS OF SUCCESSFUL AGEING 20 2.2 AIDS TO ACHIEVE SUCCESSFUL AGEING

21

2.3 OUTLOOK TO AGEING

24

2.4 ROLE MODELS

25

2.5 FUTURE INTENTIONS

27

2.5.1 TOP THREE INTENTIONS

27

2.5.2 CARE-GIVING RESPONSIBILITIES

31

2.5.3 LEARNING

32

2.5.4 WORK

34

2.5.5 SOCIAL CONNECTIONS

35

2.5.6 OTHERS

36

3. EXPERIENCE OF AGEING

38

IPS Working Papers No.22 (October 2014): Results From The Perception And Attitudes Towards Ageing and Seniors Survey by Mathew Mathews and Paulin T. Straughan

4 3.1 QUALITY OF LIFE

38

3.2 PLEASURE

39

3.3 CONTROL AND AUTONOMY

41

3.4 SELF-REALISATION

42

3.5 OVERALL TRENDS

43

3.6 SOCIAL NETWORKS AND ACTIVITIES

45

3.7 AGE AND SENSE OF INCLUSION

47

4. LIFELONG LEARNING AND OPTIMISM IN EMPLOYABILITY

53

4.1 MOTIVATION FOR LIFELONG LEARNING

54

4.2 PREFERRED LEARNING METHODS

56

4.3 KNOWLEDGE AND PARTICIPATION IN LIFELONG LEARNING

59

4.4 INTEREST ININSTITUTIONAL-BASED LEARNING

60

4.5 BARRIERS TO PARTICIPATION IN LIFELONG LEARNING

61

4.6 PERCEPTIONS ON EMPLOYABILITY

63

4.7 VOLUNTARY WORK

67

5. CONCLUDING REMARKS

69

REFERENCES

74

IPS Working Papers No.22 (October 2014): Resul