Review of social determinants and the health divide - WHO/Europe

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Member States

Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region: final report

cover photo: bjoern steinz | panos pictures

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tajikistan The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan

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The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations created in 1948 with the primary responsibility for international health matters and public health. The WHO Regional Office for Europe is one of six regional offices throughout the world, each with its own programme geared to the particular health conditions of the countries it serves.

Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region: final report

WHO-UCL SDH 2014 final full cover PRESS 260514.indd 1

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WHO-UCL SDH 2014 final full cover PRESS 260514.indd 2

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Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region: final report

Review chair Michael Marmot

Report prepared by UCL Institute of Health Equity


The WHO European Region has seen Keywords remarkable health gains in populations that Health inequities have experienced progressive improvements Health management and planning in the conditions in which people are born, Health status disparities grow, live and work. Inequities persist, Intergenerational relations however, both between and within countries. Socioeconomic factors This review of inequities in health between Social determinants of health and within countries across the 53 Member States of the Region was commissioned to ISBN: 978 92 890 0030 7 support the development of the new Address requests about publications of the European policy framework for health and WHO Regional Office for Europe to: well-being, Health 2020. Much more is understood now about the extent and social Publications causes of these inequities. The European WHO Regional Office for Europe review builds on the global evidence and UN City recommends policies to ensure that progress Marmorvej 51 can be made in reducing health inequities DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø and the health divide across all countries, Denmark including those with low incomes. Action is Alternatively, complete an online request form for needed on the social determinants of health, documentation, health information, or for permission across the life-course and in wider social to quote or translate, on the Regional Office web site and economic spheres to achieve greater ( health equity and protect future generations.

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