RISK Reduction Index IN WEST AFRICA
Cape Verde -Gambia -Ghana -Guinea -Niger -Senegal Analysis of the conditions and capacities for Disaster Risk Reduction
DARA and the Risk Reduction Index (RRI) Risk Reduction Index (RRI) in West Africa Analysis of the conditions and capacities for Disaster Risk Reduction Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Niger, and Senegal Editor: DARA Design: wearebold.es Legal deposit: M-31513-2013 First Published 2013 Copyright © Fundación DARA Internacional 2013 This publication has been developed with the financial support of the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) under the Risk Reduction Index in West Africa project. The content of this publication is the sole responsibility of DARA and does not necessarily reflect AECID’s opinion.
RRI RISK Reduction Index IN WEST AFRICA
Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Niger, Senegal Analysis of the conditions and capacities for Disaster Risk Reduction
LIST OF CONTENT ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ACRONYMS INTRODUCTION
WEST AFRICA RISK MAPPING LOCAL PERCEPTIONS
Cape Verde THE GAMBIA GHANA GUINEA NIGER SENEGAL
44 64 88 118 146 176
FINDING WAYS FORWARD IN WEST AFRICA ANNEXES
ANNEX 1: ISSUES COMPARISON ANNEX 2: RESPONDENTS’ PROFILE ANNEX 3: BIBLIOGRAPHY
210 212 218
Acknowledgements DARA would like to especially thank the national consultants with whom we worked in the six countries in West Africa. Their intensive efforts in data collection and in organizing and leading the workshops were crucial to the realisation of the project.
Lamin Jobe Gambia Ahmadou Kante Senegal Marise Sagna Cape Verde Ousmane Seye Guinea Boureima Smael Niger Emmanuel Tachie-Obeng Ghana
We also wish to thank those who have collaborated in various field activities for this project, especially the respondents to the questionnaire and the workshop participants, including the Governments, Non Governmental Organizations, Civil Society Organisations, and representatives of international aid agencies and donors in Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Niger, and Senegal. A special mention is owed to the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), for their support and feedback to the research through the FOREWARN Initiative.
our partners The Risk Reduction Index (RRI) builds on partnerships with regional and international entities, including local and national governments. In the West Africa phase, the RRI has counted on the support of the Australian Government (AusAid) and the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID), and was carried out in a strategic partnership with the Humanitarian Futures Programme and the African Leadership Centre (Kings College, London), under the auspices of the FOREWARN Initiative. FOREWARN is implemented in close collaboration with ECOWAS and regional networks. In addition, the project also benefitted from DARA’s longstanding partnership and knowledge sharing with the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), where collaboration focused on Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA) monitoring and the Local Government SelfAssessment Tool.
RESEARCH AND EDITORIAL team at DARA Coordination: Belén Camacho and Nicolai Steen Lead research team: Beatriz Asensio, Belén Paley, Soledad Posada, Ana Rodríguez Research support team: Daniel Barnes, Johanna Barth, Covadonga Canteli, Eva Cervantes, Belén Díaz, Miguel González, Fiona Guy, Kerstin Maier, Colleen McMillon, Christina Samson, Nacho Wilhelmi, Emily Wilkinson, and Begoña Yagüe.
List of ACRONYMS GENERAL ● ● ● ●
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