saline agriculture - USAID

States, contains about 850 ppm of salts; seawater typically contains .... Hdopk Sdliolerant Plant8 of the World. University of. Arirona, I\lcson, Arirona, US. Aronson, J. A. 1985. Economic halophytes-a global view. Pp. 177-188 in: G. E. Wickens ...... Oluf L. Gamborg, Tissue Culture for Crops Project, Colorado State Univemity,.
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SALINE AGRICULTURE Salt- Tolerant Plants for Developing Countries

Report of a Panel of the Board on Science and Technology for International Development Office of International Affairs National Research Council

National Academy Press Washington, DC 1990

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report wm approved by the Governing Board of the Natlonnl Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the lnstitute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report hus been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the Nntionnl Academy of Sciences, the National Acndemy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is n private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engnaed in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their ltre for th2 general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Rank Press is president of the !'iational Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organirntion of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Acndemy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognixes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is ;.resident of the National Acndemy of Engineering. The lnstitute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciencsr to recure the rervicer of eminent members of appropriate proferrionr in the exnminntion of policy matten pertaining to the health of the public. The Inrtitute ~ t under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congrerrional charter t o be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Samuel 0. Thier is prerident of the lnstitute of Medicine. The National Iirsearch Council was established by the National Acdemy of S:iencer in 1916 t o associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy'r purposes of furthering knowledge and of advising the federal government. The Council operates in accordance with genoral policies determined by the Academy under the authnrity of its congresrional charter of 1863, which ertablisher the Academy u a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation. The Council har become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Science8 and the National Academy of Engineering in the conduct of their services tc the government, the public, and tho scientific and engineering communities. I t is administered jointly by both Academies and rho Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Engineering and the lnstitute of Medicine were established in 1964 and 1970, rerpectively, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences. The Board on Science and Technology for lnternational Development (BOSTID) of the Office of lnternstionai Affain addrerses a range of irruer ariring from the wsyr in which science and technology in developing countrier can rtimulate and complement the complex processes of social and economic development. It overrees a broad program of bilateral workshopr with scientific orga