Shattered Hearts - Indian Law Resource Center

Involvement in the Internet sex trade. ..... leaders, and service providers to discuss this report and next steps just days before his unexpected death. ..... In 1871, an armed “citizens group” from Tucson attacked a group of Apache camped at Fort.
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Shattered Hearts The Commercial Sexual Exploitation Of American Indian Women And Girls In Minnesota

The Minnesota American Indian Women’s Resource Center

Table of contents Acknowledgements ............................................................................................................................................... iii Background ............................................................................................................................................................ 1 Organization of the report ...................................................................................................................................... 3 I.

The context ..................................................................................................................................................... 4 Native women’s experiences during colonization ................................................................................................ 5 Native women’s experiences during national expansion ...................................................................................... 7 Native girls’ boarding school experiences ............................................................................................................ 8 Impact of assimilation policies on Native women .............................................................................................. 10 The damage caused by life in prostitution ......................................................................................................... 14

II.

Methods and definitions................................................................................................................................ 16

III. Prevalence..................................................................................................................................................... 28 Involvement in prostitution............................................................................................................................... 28 Involvement in the Internet sex trade................................................................................................................ 35 IV. Patterns in entering the sex trade .................................................................................................................. 36 Age of entry ..................................................................................................................................................... 36 Modes of entry ................................................................................................................................................. 39 V. Factors that facilitate entry ............................................................................................................................ 53 Generational trauma ........................................................................................................................................ 53 Runaway, thrown away, and/or homeless ........................................................................................................ 54 Repeated exposure to abuse, exploitation, and violence.................................................................................... 61 Normalization of sexual exploitation and violence............................................................................................. 68 Addiction.......................................................................................................................................................... 73 Risk due to fetal alcohol spectrum disorders ..................................................................................................... 78 Involvement with child protection systems........................................................................................................ 81 Failure to finish high school ..................................................................