Shelter/NFI Cluster TWiG Recommendations on Summerisation Assistance Introduction The following document has been prepared by the Shelter/NFI Cluster, Summerisation Technical Working Group (TWiG) to provide advice to agencies providing shelter and NFI assistance to the internally displaced population of Iraq. The document is based on lessons learned from summerisation efforts in 2014 and from feedback from post distribution monitoring of winterisation assistance in late 2014 and early 2015 and upon global guidance documents on selection of NFIs and shelter for summerisation. Timeframe for provision of this assistance is during the summer of 2015.
1. Vulnerability based distributions In the highly restricted funding environment in Iraq, the Shelter/NFI Cluster recommends that agencies move towards vulnerability based distributions rather than ‘blanket’ or total coverage of a given population. The TWiG recognised that this may prove challenging in areas such as camps where IDPs have become accustomed to 100% coverage distributions and see summerisation as an opportunity for agencies to pilot strategies for better targeting limited assistance.
2. Gender and Protection Construction of settlement and camp level shade structures should include gender and culturally segregated community consultations to ensure the needs of different groups are considered, such as the potential need for separate shade areas or privacy screens between shade areas for men, women, girls and boys. Siting and construction of shade structures should ensure access for the elderly and those living with a disability or illnesses, as they may be more vulnerable to the effects of extreme heat.
3. Cash based assistance The preferred implementation modality for summerisation programs is through cash based assistance. This is in line with the broader move by the humanitarian community in Iraq to a greater use of direct cash where possible. In many areas the provision of cash assistance can be used to help create or encourage markets that may not have existed or have been damaged. Summerisation programs offer an ideal opportunity for many agencies to pilot the use of cash for shelter and NFI assistance. Partners can resort to NFI kits distribution only in remote locations with limited access to the markets (including in some camps) or in case of special vulnerabilities. Recommended kits and their cost in cash are proposed below.
4. Evaporative water coolers There has been much discussion within both the broader cluster and the Summerisation TWiG about the distribution of evaporative water coolers. Although these may be seen as an effective solution for summer cooling in the dry climate of Iraq, the restricted funding environment, expected increases in those requiring assistance and supply limitations of both water and electricity in many locations, means they are not recommended for distribution. If non-cluster members provide them, it is recommended that such organisations be encouraged to only do so in communal areas and take direct responsibility for the increased water and electricity requirements.
5. Mosquito nets The Summerisation TWiG noted that while in many areas of Iraq summers are too hot and dry for mosquitoes, some areas particularly in the south face higher humidity and mosquito nets should be included in summerisation programs in these areas.
Shelter/NFI Cluster TWiG Recommendations on Summerisation Assistance Loc