Snow Leopard Survival Strategy - Snow Leopard Network

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Snow Leopard Survival Strategy Revised Version 2014.1

Snow Leopard Network 1

The designation of geographical entities in this book, and the presentation of the material, do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Snow Leopard Network concerning the legal status of any country, territory, or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Copyright: © 2014 Snow Leopard Network, 4649 Sunnyside Ave. N. Suite 325, Seattle, WA 98103. Reproduction of this publication for educational or other non-commercial purposes is authorised without prior written permission from the copyright holder provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of this publication for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without prior written permission of the copyright holder. Citation: Snow Leopard Network (2014). Snow Leopard Survival Strategy. Revised 2014 Version Snow Leopard Network, Seattle, Washington, USA. Website: The Snow Leopard Network is a worldwide organization dedicated to facilitating the exchange of information between individuals around the world for the purpose of snow leopard conservation. Our membership includes leading snow leopard experts in the public, private, and non-profit sectors. The main goal of this organization is to implement the Snow Leopard Survival Strategy (SLSS) which offers a comprehensive analysis of the issues facing snow leopard conservation today. Cover photo: Camera-trapped snow leopard. © Snow Leopard Conservancy / Snow Leopard Conservancy India Trust.


Snow Leopard Survival Strategy Revised Version 2014.1

Compiled by: Rodney Jackson, David Mallon, Charudutt Mishra, Sibylle Noras, Rishi Sharma, Kulbhushansingh Suryawanshi.

Contributors: Som Ale, Yash Veer Bhatnagar, Paul Buzzard, Mukesh Chalise, Jaffer Ud Din, Katalina Engel, John Farrington, Darla Hillard, Don Hunter, Rodney Jackson, Li Juan, Kubanych Jumabay, Ashiq Ahmed Khan, Oleg Loginov, Tom McCarthy, Tessa McGregor, Aishwarya Maheshwari, Ma Ming, Stefan Michel, Tatjana Rosen Michel, Ranjini Murali, Wali Modaqiq, Tsewang Namgail, Muhammad Ali Nawaz, Mikhail Paltsyn, Upendra Mani Pradhan, Philip Riordan, S Sathyakumar, George Schaller, Karan Shah, Koustubh Sharma, Rinjan Shrestha, Anthony Simms, Navinder Singh, Kamal Thapa, Pranav Trivedi, Pauline Verheij, Dajun Wang, Per Wegge, Lingyun Xiao, Peter Zahler. Copy editing: Sibylle Noras. Technology and communications: Rana Bayrakcismith, Jeff Brown, Heather Hemmingmoore, Sibylle Noras, Anush Shetty.


Table of Contents

Acknowledgments Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Review of Current Status Chapter 3: Threats to Snow Leopards, their Prey and Ecosystems Chapter 4: Livestock Competition, Rangeland and Prey Declines Chapter 5: Livestock Depredation Chapter 6: Illegal Trade Chapter 7: Climate Change Chapter 8: Large-scale Infrastructure, Mining and Linear Barriers Chapter 9: Conservation Actions Chapter 10: Protected Areas Chapter 11: Transboundary Cooperation Chapter 12: Ecosystem Services and Economic Valuation of Snow Leopards and Their Mountain Ecosystem Chapter 13: Snow Leopard Conservation through Hunting of Prey Species Chapter 14: Estimating Snow Leopard and Prey Populations and Monitoring Trends Appendix 1: List of completed and ongoing studies which have estimated snow leopard populations using camera trapping and fecal genetics

Appendix 2: Threats table compiled as part of the GSLEP process. Appendix 3: Protected areas (PA) with confirmed or potential snow leopard occurrence Appendix 4. List of Protected Areas (PAs) occurring along international borders:


Chapter 1: Introduction

1.1. The Snow Leopard Panthera uncia The iconic snow leopard is the least known of the ‘big cats’ due to its elusive nature, secretive habits and the remote and challenging terrain it inhabits. As an apex predator, its survival