social progress index 2016 - Deloitte

the Social Progress Network, the Forum has enabled us to benefit from the wisdom of ...... Deaths, Adult Literacy Rate, Primary School Enrollment, Lower Secondary ..... middle-income countries rank in the top half of social progress countries.
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SOCIAL PROGRESS INDEX 2016 BY MICHAEL E PORTER AND SCOTT STERN WITH MICHAEL GREEN

The Social Progress Imperative is registered as a nonprofit organization in the United States. We are grateful to the following organizations for their financial support.

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SOCIAL PROGRESS INDEX 2016 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..11 CHAPTER 1 / WHY MEASURE SOCIAL PROGRESS? …………………………………………………………………29 CHAPTER 2 / 2016 SOCIAL PROGRESS INDEX RESULTS ………………………………………….............…41 CHAPTER 3 / SOCIAL PROGRESS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ……………………………………69 SUPPLEMENTAL SECTION / THE SOCIAL PROGRESS NETWORK…………………………………………105 APPENDIX A / INDICATOR DEFINITIONS AND DATA SOURCES……………………………………………140 APPENDIX B / 2016 SOCIAL PROGRESS INDEX FULL RESULTS ………………………………………….146 APPENDIX C / 2016 SOCIAL PROGRESS INDEX VS LOG OF GDP PER CAPITA ………………...149 APPENDIX D / 2016 SOCIAL PROGRESS INDEX SCORES AND CORRELATIONS ……………….150 APPENDIX E / SCORECARD SUMMARY............................................................................………………..151

2016 Social Progress Index | © Social Progress Imperative 2016

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The creation of the Social Progress Index has been made possible only with the help of many, many people and organizations. We thank everyone who has contributed to our effort. We could never hope to name all those who have helped us, but we would like to highlight the following individuals and organizations for their contributions. To anyone we may have forgotten, we can only ask that you be as generous in spirit as you were with your time. Thanks to our partners Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, Fundación Avina, and Skoll Foundation; and to our supporters Cisco, Compartamos Banco, and The Rockefeller Foundation. We are also grateful to a number of anonymous donors. These organizations and individuals had faith in our project and have generously funded our work. For tireless work on our behalf to carry our work forward across Latin America, thanks to the team at Fundación Avina and Avina Americas: Gabriel Baracatt, Glaucia Barros, Cecilia Barja, Edgard Bermudez, Marcus Fuchs, Tatiana Lopez, Cynthia Loría, Sean McKaughan, Valdemar Oliveira, Francisca Rivero, Eduardo Rotela, Guillermo Scallan, Bernardo Toro, Luis Miguel Artieda, Marcela Mondino, and Pablo Vagliente. The team of Guayana Acosta, Emily Fintel Kaiser, and Adrian Naranjo provided critical support to the Social Progress Imperative before it became an independent organization and has supported us since. Raul Gauto led special efforts at Fundación Avina to create our Social Progress Network in Latin America. Thanks to Deloitte for their significant contributions globally across a number of strategic areas: leadership and direction on the Board of Directors; strategic input to develop an engagement strategy for the private sector; convening key stakeholders around the Social Progress Index and the Social Progress Imperative’s agenda; economic consulting expertise and insight to author a global report on the relationship between foreign direct investment and social progress; strategic communications advice, expertise and execution to support launch activities globally, and in country, with the media, government and the private sector to build awareness and advance the global debate on social progress; guidance and support in progressing subnational index discussions in North America and the European Union; and active engagement in social progress networks across Latin America to advance discussions and actions on national priorities. Special thanks to the great team at Skoll Foundation: Edwin Ou, Paula Kravitz, Renee Kaplan, Suzana Grego, and Alison Gilbert. At the Skoll World Forum, thanks to Sarah Borgman, Lindsey Fishleder, Jill Ultan, Gabriel Diamond, Phil Collis, and Tina Tan-Zane. In addition to providing a platform for the 2013 launch of our organization and the beta version of