South Africa - Climate Transparency

South Africa's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) includes a target to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to between 398 and 614 MtCO2e (incl.
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BROWN TO GREEN: THE G20 TRANSITION TO A LOW-CARBON ECONOMY | 2017 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX 1

0.67

SOUTH AFRICA

0.70

G20 average Source: UNDP, 2016

GDP PER CAPITA 2 ($ (const. 2011, international))

12,406

This country profile assesses South Africa’s past, present – and indications of future – performance towards a low-carbon economy by evaluating emissions, climate policy performance, climate finance and decarbonisation. The profile summarises the findings of several studies by renowned institutions.

18,373

G20 average

South Africa

Source: WB databank, 2017

SHARE OF GLOBAL GDP 2

0.6%

Global GDP South Africa Source: WB databank, 2017

GHG EMISSIONS PER CAPITA3 (tCO2 e/cap)

10.0

NOTRE DAME GLOBAL ADAPTATION INITIATIVE (ND-GAIN) INDEX 4

0

AIR POLLUTION INDEX 5 (PM 2.5)

1

0.39

Vulnerability Subindex Source: ND-GAIN, 2015

10 µg/m³ WHO benchmark

8.3

G20 average

South Africa

Source: PRIMAP-hist, 2017

SHARE OF GLOBAL GHG EMISSIONS 3

29µg/m³ 1.1% Source: WB databank, 2017

BROWN TO GREEN The G20 transition to a low-carbon economy | 2017

South Africa Source: PRIMAP-hist, 2017

This country profile is part of the Brown to Green 2017 report. The full report and other G20 country profiles can be downloaded at: http://www.climate-transparency.org/ g20-climate-performance/g20report2017

CLIMATE ACTION TRACKER 1

SOUTH AFRICA Country Facts 2017

BROWN TO GREEN: THE G20 TRANSITION TO A LOW-CARBON ECONOMY | 2017

CONTENT n GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) EMISSIONS . n FINANCING THE TRANSITION. . . . . . . . . . 4



DEVELOPMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

INVESTMENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

n CLIMATE POLICY PERFORMANCE . . . . . 3



SECTOR-SPECIFIC INDICATORS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7



ENERGY MIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Emissions of new investments in the power sector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5



SHARE OF COAL IN ENERGY SUPPLY . . . . . . . . . . . 8



SHARE OF RENEWABLES IN ENERGY SUPPLY . . . . . 8



FISCAL POLICIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5





ENERGY USE PER CAPITA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9



Fossil fuel subsidies (for production and consumption) . . . . . . . . 5



ENERGY INTENSITY OF THE ECONOMY . . . . . . . . . 9



Effective carbon rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5



CARBON INTENSITY OF THE ENERGY SECTOR . . . 10



Investment attractiveness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4



Green Bonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5



POLICY EVALUATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 CCPI EXPERTS’ POLICY EVALUATION . . . . . . . . . . . 3 REGULATORY INDICATORS FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY (RISE) INDEX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 COMPATIBILITY OF CLIMATE TARGETS WITH A 2°C SCENARIO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

n DECARBONISATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7



PROVISION OF INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC SUPPORT . . 6

Pledge to the Green Climate Fund (GCF). . . . . 6



Contributions through the major multilateral climate funds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6



Bilateral climate finance con