State of the World’s Forests As the global community looks for ways to move to a greener economy, it is increasingly clear that forests, forestry and forest products must play a central role. This tenth edition of State of the World’s Forests explores the role of forests in human history, finding strong links between forest use and economic and social development and between unabated forest destruction and economic decline. It suggests that forest production has an important role to play in a sustainable future in which consumption and production are connected in a closed cycle. It points out the importance of striking a balance between forest conservation and use, and proposes four strategies for ensuring that forests make their vital contribution to a greener, more sustainable world.
ISBN 978-92-5-107292-9 ISSN 1020-5705
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Photo credits: Front cover: FAO/Korea Forest Service; back cover top left: FAO/Aline Mary Pereira Pinto da Fonseca; back cover top centre: FAO/Zoltán Balogh; back cover top right: FAO/Masakazu Kashio
State of the World’s Forests
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, 2012
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Acknowledgements vii Acronyms and abbreviations
1. State of the World’s Forests: the first ten issues
2. Forests and the evolution of the modern world
Forests 8 Forestry 18 Sustainability: an enduring value 21 3. Forests, forestry and forest products for a sustainable future Forests and forest industries in a global economy Turning the corner on how progress is perceived Carving out a better future Forest products in a sustainable future Strategies for the future References
23 24 26 30 33 37 43
Figure 1: World population and cumulative deforestation, 1800 to 2010 Figure 2: Estimated deforestation, by type of forest and time period Figure 3: Shares of total primary energy supply in 2008 (percent)
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Box 1: Box 2: Box 3: Box 4:
The Agdal system of traditional resource management in Morocco Underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation Alternative ways of measuring wealth and human well-being Is REDD a “game changer”?
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his tenth edition of State of the World’s Forests
The world now needs to