Statistics Canada - Census Program

Aug 29, 2012 - at Statistics Canada, co-managers of the 2016 Census Strategy Project. It was .... Census Program data uses and users in Canada . .... 2011 NHS data quality, analysis that will be completed in 2013 when the NHS results are ...
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Statistics Canada Final Report on 2016 Census Options: Proposed Content Determination Framework and Methodology Options 2012

This report was written by Linda Howatson-Leo and Julie Trépanier from the Census Management Office at Statistics Canada, co-managers of the 2016 Census Strategy Project. It was prepared in the fall of 2011 and reflects the situation as of December 2011. The authors were able to depend on sound advice from Rosemary Bender, Louis Marc Ducharme, Connie Graziadei and Peter Morrison, assistant chief statisticians and members of the project's Steering Committee, as well as Jane Badets, Marc Hamel, John Kovar and Jean-Pierre Simard, directors general and members of the project's Advisory Committee. The report was also submitted to six international experts, Len Cook, Jean-Michel Durr, Bettina Knauth, Doug Norris, Eric Schulte-Nordholt and Daniel Weinberg, and to a subcommittee of the National Statistics Council which included Monica Boyd, Ivan Fellegi, Céline Le Bourdais, Anthony Masi, Ian McKinnon, William Robson and Douglas Willms. Furthermore, the preparation of this report would not have been possible without the input from numerous divisions within Statistics Canada. We thank all of them for their valuable comments.

The information pertaining to certain names of laws, organizations and surveys does not appear in both official languages because the information source is not governed by the Official Languages Act.

Release date: 2012-08-29 Final version

Final Report on 2016 Census Options: Proposed Content Determination Framework and Methodology Options

Table of contents Page 1.

Executive summary ............................................................................................................................... 5

Part A: Context 2.

Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 13

3.

Evolution of the Canadian Census Program: 1871 to 2006 ................................................................ 16 3.1

Evolution of content ..................................................................................................................... 16

3.2

Evolution of methodology ............................................................................................................ 18

3.3 4.

3.2.1

Collection of data ............................................................................................................ 18

3.2.2

Processing of data .......................................................................................................... 19

3.2.3

Data quality improvement and measurement ................................................................. 20

Role of research and testing ....................................................................................................... 21

2011 Census Program: introduction of the National Household Survey ............................................. 22 4.1

Methodology ................................................................................................................................ 22

4.2

Preliminary results ....................................................................................................................... 25

4.3

Conclusions ................................................................................................................................. 28

Part B: Census Program objectives and content needs 5.

6.

What is a census? ............................................................................................................................... 31 5.1

For the international statisti