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River Publishers Series in Communication

Internet of Things – From Research and Innovation to Market Deployment

Editors Ovidiu Vermesan Peter Friess

River Publishers

Contents

Preface

xiii

Editors Biography

xv

1

Introduction

1

2

Putting the Internet of Things Forward to the Next Level 2.1 The Internet of Things Today . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 The Internet of Things Tomorrow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 Potential Success Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3 3 4 6

3

Internet of Things Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda 3.1 Internet of Things Vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1.1 Internet of Things Common Definition . . . . . . . . 3.2 IoT Strategic Research and Innovation Directions . . . . . . 3.2.1 IoT Applications and Use Case Scenarios . . . . . . 3.2.2 IoT Functional View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.3 Application Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 IoT Smart-X Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.1 Smart Cities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.2 Smart Energy and the Smart Grid . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.3 Smart Mobility and Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.4 Smart Home, Smart Buildings and Infrastructure . . 3.3.5 Smart Factory and Smart Manufacturing . . . . . . . 3.3.6 Smart Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.7 Food and Water Tracking and Security . . . . . . . . 3.3.8 Participatory Sensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.9 Smart Logistics and Retail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 Internet of Things and Related Future Internet Technologies 3.4.1 Cloud Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7 8 11 16 22 28 30 41 42 45 50 55 60 62 65 66 69 70 70

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viii Contents 3.4.2 IoT and Semantic Technologies . . . . . . . . Networks and Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5.1 Networking Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5.2 Communication Technology . . . . . . . . . . 3.6 Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6.1 Adaptive and Event-Driven Processes . . . . . 3.6.2 Processes Dealing with Unreliable Data . . . . 3.6.3 Processes dealing with unreliable resources . . 3.6.4 Highly Distributed Processes . . . . . . . . . . 3.7 Data Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7.1 Data Collection and Analysis (DCA) . . . . . . 3.7.2 Big Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7.3 Semantic Sensor Networks and Semantic Annotation of data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7.4 Virtual Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8 Security, Privacy & Trust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8.1 Trust for IoT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8.2 Security for IoT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8.3 Privacy for IoT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9 Device Level Energy Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9.1 Low Power Communication . . . . . . . . . . 3.9.2 Energy Harvesting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.9.3 Future Trends and Recommendations . . . . . 3.10 IoT Related Standardization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.10.1 The Role of Standardization Activities . . . . . 3.10.2 Current Situation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.10.3 Areas for Additional Consideration . . . . . . 3.10.4 Interoperability in the Internet-of-Things . . . 3.11 IoT Protocols Convergence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.11.1 Message Queue Telemetry Transport (MQTT) . 3.11.2 Constrained Applications Protocol (CoAP) . . 3.11.3 Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) 3.11.4 Java Message Service API (JMS) . . . . . . . 3.11.5 Data Distribution Service (DDS) . . . . . . . . 3.11.6 Representational State Transfer (REST) . . . . 3.11.7 Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.12 Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5

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