Suicide prevention: a guide for local authorities - Local Government ...

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Suicide prevention A guide for local authorities

Case studies

Foreword

It goes without saying each and every suicide that takes place is a tragedy. On average in England 13 people take their own lives every day. This affects their families, their friends and people they work and live with. For every death, another six to 60 people are thought to be affected directly. Relationships break down, careers suffer and mental health worsens. It is not surprising then that the economic impact is estimated to be so high. For every suicide nearly £1.7 million is lost in things like productivity and caring for those left behind.

So what can we in local government do? Our public health remit means we have responsibility for addressing many of the risk factors, such as alcohol and drug misuse, while our wider responsibilities for housing and local growth mean we can have an impact on the wider determinants. It is why public health is driving the work on suicide prevention through the development of strategies and local action plans. These should already be in place or if they are not they soon should be – the deadline is 2017. But this is just the start of the work. We now have to do the hard bit – ensure suicide rates are driven down and lives saved.

But suicides can be prevented. From the detailed work that has already taken place we know certain groups are more at risk. Threequarters of suicides are among men – those aged 45 to 49 are the most at risk. In fact, suicide is the biggest killer of men under 50 as well as the leading cause of death in young people. But it need not be like this. The opportunities are there for us to reach out and help people at risk. There are often warning signs we can pick up on. Around half of those who take their own lives have a history of self-harm, for example. NHS services have contact with many of them.

Councillor Izzi Seccombe

Chair, LGA Community Wellbeing Board

The majority of people who die by suicide will have seen a GP in their last year of life, while a third of suicides were among those who had been under the care of specialist mental health services.

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Suicide prevention: a guide for local authorities

Contents

The story so far

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The role of councils

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Some questions to ask locally

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Case studies

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Lincolnshire: helping high-risk farmers

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Cheshire and Merseyside: working with coroners

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Kent: targeting middle-aged men with a marketing campaign

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Brighton & Hove: patrolling high-risk areas

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Warwickshire: training GPs to help prevent suicides

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Leeds: supporting those bereaved by suicide

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Torbay: getting barbers to help young men

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What help is at hand?

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Find out more

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Suicide prevention: a guide for local authorities

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The story so far

From the early 1980s onwards there was a pretty consistent downwards trend in suicide rates in England, but that began to change a decade ago. Since then the numbers have risen. It is hard to pinpoint exactly why this has happened, although many believe the economic downturn has been a key factor.

Experts say it is too early to conclude if this is part of a long-term trend. In addition, female suicide rates have risen for the second year in a row. In January 2017 Theresa May’s government called on local government and its partners to do just that as it published the third progress report on the suicide strategy.

The situation has prompted government to place a higher priority on the issue.

It praised the progress that has been made, while calling for more emphasis on self