Technology and Older People Evidence Review - Age UK

2 The benefits and limitations of technology for the older population. 7 ... the use of technology by older people ..... technological development is already blurring.
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Technology and Older People Evidence Review

This evidence review is part of a series produced by Age UK, in order to provide evidence to underpin decision-making for people involved in commissioning, service development, fundraising and influencing.

Contents Key messages

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1 Policy context

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2 The benefits and limitations of technology for the older population

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a) Reducing loneliness and isolation

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b) Being in control

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c) Living independently

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d) Participating and contributing

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3 Services that enable the use of technology

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Notes16

Technology and Older People Evidence Review

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Key messages From the evidence presented below, we can say the following. • Most studies of older people’s involvement with technology focus on the internet. • Fewer people aged 65+ have access to the internet than younger age groups, but numbers are increasing rapidly. • Despite barriers, such as cost, the userfriendliness (or the lack of it) of equipment and unfamiliarity/resistance to change, many older people already benefit from new technologies. • The main functions used are those enabling them to keep in touch regularly and relatively cheaply with family and friends. • Older people who do have home access use the internet more than other age groups. • The use of technology for enabling social contact and participation can be very successful, but many older people need help at the start and some need ongoing support or reassurance. • Many websites are poorly designed and are not fully accessible to older users. • Older people (65+) are increasingly accessing information and advice, goods and services via the internet. • There are reasons other than cost-saving for technological solutions to help older people remain independent in their own homes, including assistance with everyday tasks compensating for lost physical and cognitive function.

• Technology can also be successfully used for monitoring older people remotely, but this works best with the older (potential) beneficiaries’ informed consent and active participation. • Older people’s involvement with telecare and remote health monitoring are best achieved when the technology is simple and designed for the beneficiary to understand and to use. Notes 1 The focus of this evidence review is on the use of technology by older people or for their immediate benefit. 2 Technology has been defined for this purpose as equipment – or facilities delivered by equipment – not previously familiar in the everyday life of the older population in general. The majority of technologies reviewed here are delivered via the internet. 3 Because of the fast-moving nature of technology, a large body of research has been rejected because the results may no longer apply. For example, a 2000 MORI study showed an older population almost entirely without the equipment, skills and motivation to use internet and allied technologies, whereas more recent research presents a different picture.

Technology and Older People Evidence Review

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1 Policy context Currently, 6 million older people have never used the internet.1 Three million older people (36 per cent) feel out of touch with the fast pace of modern life.2 The fast-changing pace of technology and its integration and application to living everyday life means that it is no longer an optional extra but fast becoming recognised as a basic human right, as argued in recent court proceedings in France.

A Consortium for the Promotion of Digital Participation to drive digital participation is in place. The Consortium will play a key role in delivering a national plan for digital participation, which will include a social marketing programme that will promote the benefits of being online and an outreach programme to help get t