Ten Years After - Wilson Center

the Center's activities and publications, please visit us on the web at www.wilsoncenter.org. ..... In this volume's opening essay, Jomo Kwame Sundaram, assistant ...... non-performing loans in banking, and the current account deficits. In ...... bonds, includes the withholding tax exemption for non-resident inves- tors that is ...
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Ten Years AFter:

www.wilsoncenter.org/asia

Revisiting the Asian Financial Crisis

Asia Program Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars One Woodrow Wilson Plaza 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue NW Washington, DC 20004-3027

Ten Years AFter: Revisiting the Asian Financial Crisis

edited by Bhumika Muchhala

Ten years after: Revisiting the Asian Financial Crisis

Ten years after: Revisiting the Asian Financial Crisis Essays by:

Jomo Kwame Sundaram J. Soedradjad Djiwandono Meredith Jung-En Woo David Burton Robert H. Wade Ilene Grabel Mark Weisbrot Worapot Manupipatpong

Edited by:

Bhumika Muchhala

October 2007

The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, established by Congress in 1968 and headquartered in Washington, D.C., is a living national memorial to President Wilson. The Center’s mission is to commemorate the ideals and concerns of Woodrow Wilson by providing a link between the worlds of ideas and policy, while fostering research, study, discussion, and collaboration among a broad spectrum of individuals concerned with policy and scholarship in national and international affairs. Supported by public and private funds, the Center is a nonpartisan institution engaged in the study of national and world affairs. It establishes and maintains a neutral forum for free, open, and informed dialogue. Conclusions or opinions expressed in Center publications and programs are those of the authors and speakers and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Center staff, fellows, trustees, advisory groups, or any individuals or organizations that provide financial support to the Center. The Center is the publisher of The Wilson Quarterly and home of Woodrow Wilson Center Press, dialogue radio and television, and the monthly news-letter “Centerpoint.” For more information about the Center’s activities and publications, please visit us on the web at www.wilsoncenter.org. Lee H. Hamilton, President and Director Board of Trustees

Available from : Asia Program Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars One Woodrow Wilson Plaza 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue NW Washington, DC 20004-3027 www.wilsoncenter.org

ISBN 1-933549-24-6

Joseph B. Gildenhorn, Chair David A. Metzner, Vice Chair Public members: James H. Billington, Librarian of Congress; John W. Carlin, Archivist of the United States; Bruce Cole, Chair, National Endowment for the Humanities; Michael O. Leavitt, Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Tamala L. Longaberger, designated appointee within the Federal Government; Condoleezza Rice, Secretary, U.S. Department of State; Lawrence M. Small, Secretary, Smithsonian Institution; Margaret Spellings, Secretary, U.S. Department of Education; Allen Weinstein, Archivist of the United States Private Citizen Members: Robin Cook, Donald E. Garcia, Bruce S. Gelb, Sander R. Gerber, Charles L. Glazer, Susan Hutchinson, Ignacio E. Sanchez

contents

Introduction Bhumika Muchhala

5

What Did We Really Learn from the  1997-98 Asian Debacle? Jomo Kwame Sundaram

21

Ten Years After the Asian Crisis:  An Indonesian Insider’s View J. Soedradjad Djiwandono

39

A Century after the Unparalleled Invasion:  East Asia After the Crisis Meredith Jung-En Woo

53

Asia and the International Monetary Fund:  Ten Years After the Asian Crisis David Burton

63

The Aftermath of the Asian Financial Crisis:  From “Liberalize the Market” to “Standardize the Market” and Create a “Level Playing Field” Robert H. Wade

73

One Step Forward, Two Steps Back:  Policy (In)Coherence and Financial Crises Ilene Grabel

95

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Ten Years After: The Lasting Impact  of the Asian Financial Crisis Mark Weisbrot

105

Regional Initiati