The American Freshman - Higher Education Research Institute

The American Freshman: National Norms Fall 2012. 3 ..... neering, from 8 majors to 13; and business, from .... STEM degree compared to their Black class-.
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COOPERATIVE INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH PROGRAM at the HIGHER EDUCATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE AT UCLA

the american freshman: national norms fall 2012 cirp

COOPERATIVE INSTITUTIONAL RESEARCH PROGRAM at the HIGHER EDUCATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE AT UCLA

John H. Pryor Kevin Eagan Laura Palucki Blake Sylvia Hurtado Jennifer Berdan Matthew H. Case

cirp

The American Freshman: National Norms Fall 2012 Prepared by the Staff of the Cooperative Institutional Research Program

John H. Pryor Kevin Eagan Laura Palucki Blake Sylvia Hurtado Jennifer Berdan Matthew H. Case

Higher Education Research Institute Graduate School of Education & Information Studies University of California, Los Angeles

Higher Education Research Institute University of California, Los Angeles Sylvia Hurtado, Professor and Director HERI Affiliated Scholars Walter R. Allen, Allan Murray Cartter Professor of Higher Education Alexander W. Astin, Founding Director and Senior Scholar Helen S. Astin, Senior Scholar Mitchell J. Chang, Professor Patricia M. McDonough, Professor José Luis Santos, Assistant Professor Linda J. Sax, Professor Rick Wagoner, Assistant Professor Victor B. Sáenz, Associate Professor, University of Texas at Austin The Higher Education Research Institute (HERI) is based in the Graduate School of Education & Information Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles. The Institute serves as an interdisciplinary center for research, evaluation, information, policy studies, and research training in postsecondary education. 3005 Moore Hall/Mailbox 951521 Los Angeles, CA 90095-1521 www.heri.ucla.edu 310-825-1925

CIRP Advisory Committee Betsy O. Barefoot Vice President John N. Gardner Institute Victor M. H. Borden Associate Vice President and Professor Indiana University Mark L. Gunty Assistant Director of Institutional Research University of Notre Dame Marsha Hirano-Nakanishi Assistant Vice Chancellor, Academic Research California State University Office of the Chancellor Christine M. Keller Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs Association of Public and Land Grant Universities Kurt J. Keppler Vice Chancellor for Student Life and Enrollment Services Louisiana State University Randy L. Swing Executive Director Association for Institutional Research Sylvia Hurtado Professor and Director, HERI (ex-officio) John H. Pryor Director, CIRP (ex-officio)

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: Cover design by Escott & Associates. Page layout and text design by The Oak Co. The authors wish to thank Laura Bernhard for her assistance in the preparation of this manuscript. Published by the Higher Education Research Institute. Suggested citation: Pryor, J. H., Eagan, K., Palucki Blake, L., Hurtado, S., Berdan, J., & Case, M. H. (2012). The American freshman: National norms fall 2012. Los Angeles: Higher Education Research Institute, UCLA. To download additional copies of this monograph with expanded tables, please visit http://heri.ucla.edu/tfsPublications.php. Copyright © 2012 By the Regents of the University of California ISBN 978-1-878477-18-7 (paperback) ISBN 978-1-878477-19-4 (e-book) ISBN 978-1-878477-21-7 (e-book, expanded edition) ISBN 978-1-878477-22-4 (print-on-demand edition)

CONTENTS

Introduction

1

The American Freshman: National Norms Fall 2012

3

Increased Impact of Economics

4

A Mismatch between Expectations and Reality of Time to Graduation

5

Increasing Support of Same-sex Marriage

6

Changes in Students’ Political Views and Orientation between 2008 and 2012

6

Revised Majors in 2012

10

Students Following a Pre-Med or Pre-Law Track

10

Differences in Math Preparation

11

Specific Academic Habits on the Rise

14

More Entering Students Felt Overwhelmed as High School Sen