The Clarion, Vol. 82, Issue #11 - Nov. 16, 2016 - Brevard College

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Clarion BC stands with Standing Rock The

Volume 82, Issue 11 Web Edition

By Jessica Wiegandt Arts & Life Editor

Brevard College committed to divest from the use of fossil fuels in February of 2015, becoming the first school in the southeast of the U.S. to make the commitment. On Wednesday, Nov. 9, 2016 the Student Government Association furthered the school statement by approving to donate at least $1,000 to the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation. However, the donation could not officially move forward into action because SGA fund donations have to be approved unanimously by the entire student body. The Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) has been proposed by the Dakota Access, LLC, which is owned overall by Energy Transfer Crude Oil Company, LLC. On Energy Transfer’s website, the pipeline is stated as being utilized “to transport crude oil from the Bakken/Three Forks play in North Dakota to a terminus in Illinois with additional potential points of destination along the pipeline route.” The pipeline is scheduled to be completed and functional by the end of 2016. However, protests have broken out, especially in Standing Rock, N.D., because the pipeline route enters the Sioux preservation, breaking U.S. agreements with the Native Americans. The tribe has been publicly stating for weeks that the DAPL directly affects the natives as it snakes through sacred grounds. Not only does the pipeline disturb burial grounds but also cuts under drinking access points for the tribe. Further along the path, the DAPL is scheduled to be constructed under the Mississippi River, where a mishap or explosion in the pipeline

Look for a senior profile on page 5!

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SERVING BREVARD COLLEGE SINCE 1935

November 16, 2016

would release tons of oil directly into a river that thousands of U.S. citizens rely upon for commerce and transport. At the SGA meeting on Nov. 9, members of the student body gathered and listened to a presentation on the Standing Rock protests and how the community of BC could help. “This is an issue worth getting involved with,” Ben Saettel, SGA senator and presenter said. “Our school is about serving and helping those in need. These protesters need our help and we can give it to them.” After Saettel’s presentation, SGA president Lauren Fowler delivered the proposal. SGA had allotted $1,000 to the Recycling Committee at the beginning of the school year, which was an unused and unneeded amount, according to committee members. Fowler and Saettel utilized this excess money in the budget and proposed all of it be donated to the Sioux Tribe of Standing Rock. Immediately students began asking questions about how the tribe could utilize the money and how quickly it could be accessed for the DAPL protest. The main question, however, was not whether or not the students would approve the money but how much they would approve. The students voted unanimously to donate $1,000 to the cause of protesting DAPL. “I had so many people coming to me before the election asking how we could contribute to Standing Rock as a campus community,” Fowler said. “Then I ran into a lady in the community who was looking for help from us to gather donations because she’s going out to Standing Rock soon.” According to Fowler, SGA funds come from a fee that all students pay, with a premise that

it will be used to “better campus and student life.” This means the money cannot be directly deposited to the PayPal account being used on the Sioux website. Instead, Fowler and other students will use the approved money to back a community fundraiser effort. Fowler said a BC alumnus, Harmony Blue, plans to attend the protests in Standing Rock and has recruited the help of the college. Fowler has gathered a crew of at least 40 BC students who have volunteered to organize a campus fundraiser. “The Travers Brothership band has agreed to put on a show here [on campus] and the admission fee to get in will be a donation, either monetary, clothing or food for the protestors and members of the tribe,” Fowler said. “We will also be putting out jars around the community to gather change for Standing Rock and boxes with lists of what is needed. I believe this community is going to come together and we can really make a difference.” Fowler and Saettel will be hosting a town hall style meeting tonight at 6:30 p.m. for students interested in helping. It will take place in MG 232 and will include time spent making banners and discussing the fundraiser and future actions with community members. “This is right along the lines of what we believe in as a school,” Fowler said. “We already made a commitment to divest from fossil fuels, which means we as a school have already said we don’t condone this pipeline. Now we’ve decided to back up what we say with some action. Together we can make a difference… So let’s do it.”

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Campus News

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November 16, 2016

Severe drought leads to multiple wildfires By Jeni Welch

Staff writer Wildfires continue to burn throughout Western North Carolina and have proven to be hard to control. Most of the fires have been burning for around a week and are not expected to recede soon. There are reports of more than 25 wildfires burning in WNC with major damage being caused. N.C. has been in a state of emergency since Thursday, Nov. 10 for 25 counties, including Transylvania. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has also approved the Fire Management Assistance Grant (FMAG) which will assist in paying for the emergency measures that have been taken in regards to battling the fires. The larger fires are found in Rutherford, Macon, Clay and Graham Counties. Pickens County, just over the border into S.C., has been battling a wildfire that over the weekend doubled in size to 1,400 acres. The Pickens fire caused evacuations on Saturday after the flames jumped over Highway

11 and set fire to Pinnacle Mountain at Table Rock State Park. This fire reached 2,100 acres on Sunday, but with 100 firefighters on site the residents could return home. The Party Rock fire in Lake Lure has only been 15 percent contained and the surrounding areas of Chimney Rock, Bat Cave and Lake Lure residence have been evacuated. Some have been informed that they may not be returning home for another week. This fire has grown 3,457 acres as of Sunday but no buildings have been lost. There is no estimate as to when the Party Rock fire will be contained. However, the Tellico fire in Macon County is expected to be under control by the end of this week after already spreading across 6,839 acres. Other fires in the area include the Eastern Cherokee Complex fire, Knob fire, Maple Springs and Old Roughy fire and the Boteler fire. Nationwide assistance has been brought in to gain control of fires. Maple Springs and Old Roughy fires currently have only 10 percent containment and have

covered 5,083 acres. 418 personnel from 21 different states are in Graham County attempting to contain the fires. Along with the abundance of forest fires comes the poor air quality. WNC and the upstate were in an Air Quality Alert until Monday this week. N.C. also announced a code red air quality for Asheville and Buncombe County on Sunday. The air quality will likely change between red and orange until the surrounding fires are smaller and more contained. Playing a large role in the wild fires is the extreme drought facing WNC. The N.C. Forest Service has issued a ban on open burning across the state. Transylvania County, along with other counties, is currently in an extreme drought according to the State Climate Office of N.C. To make donations of ibuprofen, hand sanitizer, eye drops, baby wipes and lip balm, drop off locations include Headwater Outfitters, the Rockin’ Bowl bowling alley or directly to any of the fire stations.

Woodhull, a former Air Force pilot during the Cold War period for the famed U2 program, said of the military that they live under a “culture of mutual respect…It’s possible to impart instruction in such a manner, in such a tone of voice, that the subordinate will, the soldier will be inspired with no feeling but an intense desire to obey. The way you give an order is based on the respect that you feel for person and if you have respect for that person, it cannot fail to inspire respect in him for the commander.” Woodhull also described it as a “brotherhood,” and that you “work hard to gain people’s respect and then they’re more than happy to do what it is that you want them to do.” The panel then delved into the feelings a soldier has during situations of combat. Jacobsen, who was a Captain in Vietnam for 13 months during 1964 and 1965, said that despite whatever moral objections one might have over the war itself, when you’re being shot at, “you’re not fighting the philosophy of why you’re there.” He also said that it didn’t matter what each soldiers’ political leaning were. When you were shipped into service, you “just wanted to get back, survive.” Sometimes, a soldier just thinks to himself, “What the hell am I doing over here?” This segued into another sensitive topic, the treatment of Vietnam soldiers returning from

tours. Herbert touched upon this in detail. Saying that while both sides, for and against the Vietnam War, were valid, the anti-war crowd became one of misconceptions and prejudice. According to Herbert, “people back home were conflating soldiers with those who started the war.” Jacobsen reaffirmed this, saying that upon coming home from Vietnam, he recalls seeing protesters with accusation and signs calling soldiers “Baby Killers,” among other derogatory things. According to Herbert, soldiers today are treated with far more respect no matter the public opinion on the conflict they are put in. Finally, the discussion ended with what the future of warfare could be like. Jacobsen reflected that today’s combat is becoming much more computerized and that, unlike situations such as World War II and Vietnam where combat was in isolated areas, many conflicts are waged too close to civilian areas. Woodhull warned of the dangers of nuclear weapons built with today’s technology, saying that “If a nuclear exchange happens, mankind is in trouble.” The panel didn’t conclude on a fearful note however, as the veterans expressed their pride for their service and the hope that the men and women of the armed services will continue to push forward.

Veteran’s Panel: A somber but optimistic reflection on their sacrifice By Jordon Morgan Staff Writer

In celebration of Veteran’s Day, three former soldiers, Stan Jacobsen, Duke Woodhull and Roger Herbert, came together on Thursday, Nov. 10 to share their experiences and offer perspective into the life and mindset of a soldier. Each man offered interesting perspectives on the questions asked to them. One question that was asked was “How do you define patriotism?” BC’s own Director of Security Jacobsen said that it is defined as a loyalty to your country and yourself. He said loyalty should be “to the country, not necessarily to the government.” Herbert, a former member of SEAL Teams 2 and 6, a Commanding Officer of Navy Central and Strategic Air Command, said there was a “dark side of patriotism.” He also said that it can be exploited to one’s own ends, and that any soldier out there needs to remember they have oaths to the constitution that need to be upheld, regardless of political affiliation. The panel also addressed the conception that civilians often have regarding discipline and leadership structure within the military. In particular, the idea that orders and expectations are just handed out with an assumption that they must be followed always.

November 16, 2016 | The Clarion

Campus News

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Wonderful Wednesday series continues

Cabin talks ‘Science and Politics’ By Alex Perri Staff Writer

Wednesday, Nov. 9 was not a wonderful Wednesday for the Brevard Unitarian Universalist congregation. However, speaker Robert Cabin’s lecture “Oil and Water: The Challenge of Mixing Science and Politics” went on anyway, as a part of the BC Wonderful Wednesday Lecture Series. While the lecture began at 6:30 p.m., members of the church prepared a potluck dinner open to all who attend the talk at 5:30. Parishioner Earle Rabb introduced Cabin for the evening by addressing the previous night’s election. “For many of us our hearts are trying to adjust to the reality of last night,” Rabb said in reference to President-elect Donald Trump’s victory over Hillary Clinton. He also attempted to lighten the mood by throwing in a few jokes about news that Canada would soon build a wall to cope with the influx of American immigrants after the election results. Cabin, associate professor of ecology and environmental studies at BC, then began his lecture by explaining that when he agreed to speak on the day after the election he was expecting very different results. Following the spirit of Rabb’s jokes Cabin said, “I wasn’t sure if everyone would be out drinking tonight or not.” Once he got into the heart of his presentation, the scientist touched on the themes of public policy, research methodologies, and the conflicting nature of science and politics. Cabin took the audience through the journey he followed as a scientist with hopeful ideas to resolve political conflicts with objective scientific facts. While conducting experiments in Hawaii as a part of his conservation efforts, Cabin discovered an interesting paradox within the scientific community, though. Contrary to what he thought would happen, the results from his research only caused more controversy in the scientific community, not less. “People’s differences before the research were

only exacerbated after I presented my research.” He offered an interesting example to illustrate this idea. After further delving into the paradoxes he observed while trying to influence environmental policy on the Hawaiian Islands, he discovered that a similar phenomenon can be observed in climate change conversations. Increased education only increases differences people have on the implications of climate change. Cabin thought that objective scientific research should eliminate subjective opinions about cultural problems at the beginning of his career. The seasoned scientist speaking at Wednesday’s lecture had a different view of conflict resolution. “People are tribal,” he said. He argued that just because someone is a climate change denier doesn’t make them an “uneducated redneck” like common stereotypes has led people to believe.

“There is no subjective scientist,” Cabin said. “Everyone thinks the science is on their side… Everyone sees themselves as a realist and everyone else as naïve.” Cabin concluded his talk by stating that cultural problems cannot be solved with scientific solutions. Frequently values systems are the driving force behind political ideals, not “rational” or “logical” conclusions. With this conclusion of his lecture, Cabin found solace within the church community of likeminded individuals. On a day when political arguments were perhaps at an all-time high, especially on social media, he shared his life’s work with a room full of people devoted to inclusion, love and compassion. Although he anticipated speaking the day after a Clinton victory, his speech was as important as ever given the current uncertain political climate.

Photo Courtesy of Dr. Bob Cabin

Bob Cabin, associate professor of ecology and environmental studies

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Opinion

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November 16, 2016

U.S. elections: ‘1 person, 1 vote’ … but not in presidential races Electoral college system is undemocratic, allows candidates to win with less than 50 percent of votes By John B. Padgett Contributor

For the second time in five elections, the presidential candidate who earned the most votes will not be president. That is because of the electoral college, a system instituted in the Constitution in 1787 that gave power not to the people but to the states to elect the nation’s president. This system was instituted partly because of the Framers’ fear of “the people” — a measure designed to ensure that only learned, presumably responsible men, and they were all men, would choose not just the nation’s chief executive but also the two senators from each state. The popular election of senators has of course since been changed by the 17th Amendment, ratified in 1913, but the antiquated electoral college system remains intact. Many called for its abolishment after the contentious election of 2000 when Al Gore earned half a million more votes nationwide than did his opponent, but in the end, the election, and the presidency, went to George W. Bush after the state of Florida, and its 25 electoral votes, went to him. Bush’s winning margin in Florida's popular vote that year was 537 votes, a difference of 0.01 percent. The winning difference in the Sunshine State was actually less than the total number of votes in the electoral college: 538. To win the presidency, a candidate must earn a majority of those 538 electors’ votes, which is why 270 is the magic number in presidential politics. The final tally for Bush over Gore that year in the electoral vote was 271-266. (One elector abstained from casting a vote that year as a protest.) To be sure, a candidate winning the electoral vote but losing the popular vote is a relatively rare thing in American history, but as last week demonstrated, it is rapidly becoming less rare. If we include the election of 1824, a time when most but not all states held a popular vote for president, Gore’s loss was only the fourth time in 200-plus years that a candidate with the most popular votes ended up losing the election. Now it has happened for a fifth time, the second time in 16 years. Put another way, out of the 57 presidential elections in U.S. history, the “winning” candidate has lost 9 percent of the time.

Already, Hillary Clinton has surpassed Gore’s margin of around 500,000 votes, and once all the votes have been counted, she may have as many as 2 million votes more than Donald Trump, which would be a difference of more than 1.5 percent. To put that figure in some perspective, that would be greater than the popular vote margin by two candidates who actually won the presidency: Richard Nixon in 1968 (0.7 percent) and John Kennedy in 1960 (0.2 percent). The electoral college is a clear violation of the long held tenet that each voter gets to cast one vote. Thanks to the electoral college, and math, voters in less populated states actually have more of a say in presidential selection than voters do in more heavily populated states like California, Texas and New York. Moreover, because all but two states have instituted a winner-take-all system, in which every electoral vote goes to the winner of the popular vote in that state, regardless of the margin, it does not matter by how much a candidate wins in a given state, as demonstrated by Bush's 537-vote win in Florida in 2000. And perhaps most troubling of all, a candidate does not even have to win a majority of votes in a state to win all of that state’s electoral votes. This can give rise to the so-called “spoiler” votes for third-party candidates, in which a candidate can win a state with only a plurality, not a majority, of the vote. That is proving to be the case this year. As of this writing, at least 11 states — more than one-fifth of all states in the Union — have a “winner” who earned less than 50 percent of the popular vote. Even Donald Trump at one time disliked our way of electing presidents, tweeting in November 2012, “The electoral college is a disaster for democracy.” He reiterated that point Sunday during his “60 Minutes” interview, saying, “I would rather see it where you went with simple votes. You know, you get 100 million votes and somebody else gets 90 million votes and you win.” Already, there are once again renewed calls to abolish the electoral college for presidential races. No other advanced nation apportions (or “rigs”) their vote for a national chief executive this way, and in fact, other nations look incredulously upon the United States, long hailed as the paradigm for democracy around the world,

for holding on to this patently undemocratic system for so long. To do away with the electoral college system, however, would require a Constitutional amendment, which is a steep hill to climb. Among the most frequent defenses of the electoral college is that it requires presidential candidates to appeal to a wide swath of voters in smaller states, and Constitutional amendments not only have to pass two-third majorities in both houses of Congress, they also must be approved by three-fourths of the states. There have been other suggestions on how to assure that the actual winner of the popular vote wins presidential elections, most notably, the National Popular Vote movement, which aims to convince states totaling at least 270 electoral votes to promise to name electors who will vote for the national popular vote winner, regardless of how voters in their state voted. Currently, 11 states (representing 165 electoral votes) have signed on to the compact, and the agreement would take effect only upon reaching the necessary 270 electoral votes. One downside of such a system, however, would be the feeling of betrayal for voters in a given state if their electors voted contrary to who won the popular vote in that state. And because it would be based on only a handful of states agreeing to abide by the compact, it could unleash additional division across the country about a “rigged” electoral system. A potentially simpler solution would be legislation (or a Constitutional amendment) that requires electors be named only for a candidate who wins a majority vote in that state. Such a system would eliminate the harm that thirdparty candidates can wreak in close elections. Under this plan, should candidates for president not receive a clear majority of the vote, there would then be a runoff election between the top two finishers. This could conceivably be a separate election, but a much easier and more efficient solution would be for states to institute a Ranked Choice voting system, sometimes also called “instant runoff voting”. In a Ranked Choice vote, voters could choose multiple candidates for a single office, ranked in their order of preference. This would allow voters to vote their conscience for their first choice of candidates, such as Gary Johnson or Jill Stein in this year’s election, but they could also name a second or third choice as well. See ‘U.S. elections’ page 5

Arts & Life

Senior Profile

November 16, 2016 | The Clarion

Kelly Turbeville By Alex Perri

Staff Writer Kelly Turbeville is a senior graduating this semester at BC, and in her three and a half years here she has certainly made an impact on the campus community. She is a WLEE Major, a member of the women’s soccer team, a BC Serves member, an Outing Club member, and a participant in the Voice of the Rivers 2016 trip. Her campus involvement is even more impressive considering she wasn’t planning on even attending college in the first place. “I hated school [and] I wasn’t good at it,” Turbeville said. She says that if she hadn’t discovered the WLEE program at Brevard, she either wouldn’t have gone to college, or gone somewhere and been unhappy and stressed out while studying a more traditional college major. When asked why she felt so enthusiastic about campus involvement after barely even wanting to pursue a college education she said, “This place just has that effect on you. They want you to get involved, and with everything going here it’s so easy to get involved and find certain things that you’re interested in.” Some of her best memories here have been volunteering with the soccer team. “One of my favorite experiences has been helping out at the Bread of Life down the road. I got to pack boxes

of food for people who need it, and also help out with special needs kids,” Turbeville said. “Just hanging out with them makes their day.” All of this campus involvement seems to have paid off now that Kelly has a job lined up after graduation as an assistant director of the outdoor education program at Heathwood Hall Episcopal School in Colombia, S.C., which is her high school alma mater. Kelly did her summer internship with Heathwood Hall, and was asked to come back after graduation. She will be the assistant director of the program teaching preschool through 12th grade students outdoor education throughout the day, instead of traditional P.E. She will also lead various trips throughout the year. “It’s definitely a different type of program than what you see in other schools now, and it got me to open up more. I transferred to this school in 6th grade and didn’t know anyone at a place where most of the kids had known each other their whole life,” Turbeville said. “That type of program helps you become more of a leader, and fine tune and develop skills you didn’t even know you had in you.” With her WLEE degree Turbeville plans on using her education to go back to the place that inspired her passion for the outdoors. “I just want to help bring that spark out in kids who maybe don’t know what they want to do or are looking to find something in themselves.”

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U.S. elections Continued from Page 4

Then, if no candidate wins a clear majority on the first count of ballots, a second count would take place in which the lowest vote getter is eliminated. The process would be repeated until one candidate earns a simple majority of the vote. Already, a ranked choice vote system is employed in Australia, Ireland and India, and voters in Maine this year approved the adoption of a system there for statewide offices. To be clear, it is not certain whether such a system would have changed this year’s electoral outcome. Of the 11 states this year where the winning candidate did not receive a majority of the popular vote, Clinton won six, with 47 percent of the vote in two and 48 percent in the other four. Trump’s win in the other five states ranged from 47 percent in one state to 49 percent in two. Still, requiring a majority vote for the naming of a state’s presidential electors would ensure that the candidate receiving those precious few electors is at least an acceptable second or third choice of most of the voters in that state. And for a nation whose form of government was literally the result of a compromise, it would send an important message to voters that their votes truly do matter.

the Clarion Senior Staff Editor in Chief . . . . Calum McAndrew Managing Editor . . . Kaelyn Martin Copy Editor . . . . . . Opinion . . . . . . . . Michael Heiskell Arts & Life . . . . . . Jessica Wiegandt Sports . . . . . . . . Campus News . . . . Layout & Design . . . Emma Moore Faculty Advisor . . . . John B. Padgett Tucker Fry Jordon Morgan

Other Staff Alex Perri Jeni Welch Bryant Baucom

The Clarion is a student-run college newspaper produced by student journalists enrolled at Brevard College. Unsigned editorials represent the collective opinion of the staff of The Clarion. Other opinions expressed in this newspaper are those of respective authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the faculty, staff or administration of Brevard College.

All correspondence should be mailed to: The Clarion, Brevard College, One Brevard College Drive, Brevard, NC 28712, or send E-mail to [email protected] clarion.brevard.edu

 Letters Policy: The Clarion welcomes

letters to the editor. We reserve the right to edit letters for length or content. We do not publish anonymous letters orw those whose authorship cannot be verified.

Kelly Turbeville

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Arts & Life

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November 16, 2016

Uncovering the Mystery at Vapheio Tomb By Ariana Welsh

Contributor In Laconia, Greece, once legendary Sparta, there are remnants of a mysterious palace laying in wait of discovery. BC professors Anne Chapin, Robert Bauslaugh and Jim Reynolds took part in an archeological investigation for the last two weeks of October to seek out the ruins in the peninsula of mainland Greece. The story begins, oddly enough, with Helen of Troy. Wife to Menelaus and queen of Sparta, the beautiful ruler caught the eye of Prince Paris and caused the Trojan War. This is just one of the many legends in the epics of Homer. While the truth of his tales are doubtful to archaeologists, the major locations noted in his works are rooted in reality; a number of palace ruins and major archaeological finds have been discovered in the same places. According to Homer, the remnants of the palace in the legend of Helen of Troy should exist in Laconia. Yet no such palace has ever been found. The only major artifact discovered was a mysterious grave: known to the locals as the tomb of the fabled King Menelaus, scholars refer to it as the Vapheio Tholos Tomb. In its heyday, the Tholos tomb would have made up a long passage that disappeared into an impressive, underground domed chamber. Inside it, archaeologists found a number of impressive treasures that were indicative of someone with elite social status - a Mycenaean ruler during the iconic Age of Heroes. Among these valuable items were the famed golden Vapheio Cups, which emphasize brain over brawn in an engraved bull catching scene, and many imported Minoan goods. As these artifacts date to Mycenaean takeover of Minoan Crete, the number of Minoan goods suggests that the ruler of the Vapheio Tomb may have been involved in the conspiracy of such a takeover. For archaeologists and historians, the Vapheio Tomb is a goldmine. Yet experts have been unable to unearth any other fragments of the past capable of completing this story. “Years ago, I started teaching aegean archaeology and I thought, ‘wow, here you have this important tomb…and nothing else. No major city, no major buildings, nothing was there… and there should be.’ And I thought ‘if I wanted to go work anywhere in Greece, it would be at Vapheio, to see what goes with that tomb,’” said Chapin. Chapin’s dream has always been having the opportunity to study the Vapheio site, but with the regulations and red tape that archaeologists have to deal with in their field, an archaeological project at Vapheio seemed like a pipe dream. As the husband and wife team, Chapin and Bauslaugh admitted, “The permitting process

is difficult.” It was a series of lucky breaks that allowed for the opportunity to investigate Vapheio, beginning in 2006, when on a visit to wander the site, Bauslaugh discovered a 3,500 year old Mycenaean quarry with an incomplete column base—an indication of monumental architecture, such as temples or palaces. “Finders keepers is the unwritten rule in archaeology…if you find it, you have the right to ask to study it and publish it,” Bauslaugh said. Both Chapin and Bauslaugh said that patience was a key point in being successful gaining access with the project but they had connections with archaeologists around the nation and world who helped. The archaeology team surveyed the land between the quarry and the tomb, and further south where previous populations were known to have existed. The survey didn’t just involve items of the Mycenaean Greek period, the date of the Vapheio tomb and quarry, but collected important artifacts dating all the way back to the Neolithic age. This was the most important goal of the survey, identifying periods of occupation. Professor Reynold’s role as geologist was different. “I worked by myself most of the time, walking through the olive orchards, climbing through the brambles, and sliding down steep rock faces in the old quarries,” Reynolds said. His job involved constructing geologic and soil maps, studying the sources of clay used in pottery shards, and analyzing the quarry. The study of geology plays an important role in archaeology, which Chapin noted, “We wanted

to find…how human habitation fits into the geological setting of the site. Because the two are so interrelated.” The geology of a site is shaped closely by human activity. “Humans in this area have had an intimate contact with the earth for many millennia, going back to the stone age,” Reynolds said. “They were all very clever, exploiting the local resources for their needs.” Overall, the two-week project was very successful. “It’s exciting; it could be a really important site,” Chapin said. Chapin and Bauslaugh hope to now finish the survey and said, “we did this for two weeks, and we had really good success, and we’re going back in June, to finish the field work.” They’re also inviting Brevard students who are interested in archaeology and geology to be a part of the survey. “It’s important to just keep after it…It’s exciting; it’s a dream coming true with a lot of help from a lot of people—and a lot of luck. We hope to continue,” Professor Chapin said, with Professor Bauslaugh adding in how he “was happy to see…when students are interested in this.” Professor Reynold’s words for students interested in this type of work? “Go for it.” Once the survey is completed, the archaeology team will analyze the project for a year, called ‘study season,’ where the material is analyzed and written up for publication. And they have high hopes for the project. Those who would like to hear more about the findings at Vapheio can look for its publication in 2018.

Photo courtesy of Anne Chapin

BC professors Jim Reynolds and Robert Bauslaugh pose for a photo while involved in an archaelogical investigation in mainland Greece.

November 16, 2016 | The Clarion

Arts & Life

21st annual Green River race One of the By Jessica Wiegandt

Arts & Life Editor The 21st Annual Green River took place on Saturday, Nov. 5, 2016. There were 170 entries for the race and it was estimated that there were over 1,000 spectators on the banks of the river, including around 20 BC students and alumni. The Green Race is a special event because it’s a fast, progressive race on class V whitewater. Class V is the most difficult whitewater with the most amount of consequence. This means only those with high skill and practice should be attempting to paddle class V. The Green Race began as a grassroots event, with a few paddling friends betting one another they could beat the other down the section of river. Thus began the race, which quickly became an established tradition. The race occurs on a section of the river known as the Narrows and racers have been attempting to achieve scores lower than 4 minutes. This year, racer Eric Deguil won with a time of 04:11. According to several other racers, the time was an impressive one especially considering the lack of water in the gorge. Due to the ongoing drought in Western N.C., water levels have been dropping for weeks. The Green River is dam-released river and typically releases over 300 days a year. In the week leading up to the race, the dam was releasing at 100%, but by the time the water reached the Narrows it was down to about 60% of normal flows. This created more challenging lines and more danger, as room for error was extremely low. Racers trained to the best of their ability and cheered when the dam released at 120% for the two days leading up to the race and on race day. Normal flows didn’t stop the carnage from ensuing, however. Several paddlers swam during their race laps. One occurred right above

Gorilla, a class V waterfall that has been known to break backs, legs and other bones in a split second. The crowd watching gasped as the swimmer was within 15 feet of the drop and cheered as he swam into the last-chance eddy behind a rock and pulled himself to shore. BC alumnus Ben Lucas, who graduated in December 2015, raced for his fifth year in the Green Race. Lucas placed 31st overall with a time of 05:02. In order to watch the race, spectators had to hike down into the gorge. Over the course of a little less than two miles, the trail followed to get into the Narrows drops several hundred feet. The local Emergency Medical Teams were on-site, ready to evacuate any injured racers or spectators up the trail. “It’s really more like a deer path if you look at it,” said one spectator as she climbed the roots, “I mean, it just goes straight up.” The race itself has become more and more popular in the past five years, gaining international attention from kayakers. This year, professional paddler Rush Sturges attended the event for his first time. Sturges spends the majority of his time paddling on the west coast and was convinced the Green was worth the trip east. Sturges flipped above Gorilla and rolled up as he went over the lip, garnering many cheers from the crowd and a shaken-up look on his face. Sturges finished 35th, with a time of 05:06. On Facebook, he reflected, “Today I lost exceptionally hard… I crashed the hardest I’ve ever crashed in a competition. Nonetheless I had a great time this week and I’ll be back for redemption.” The Green Race occurs every first Saturday of Nov. at noon. It is scheduled to take place on Nov. 4, 2017, with even more competitors than this year.

Photo by Jessica Wiegandt

Spectators crowd the river bank as a racer paddles over Gorilla rapid during the 21st Annual Green River Race.

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greatest films about war, “Hacksaw Ridge” review By Michael Heiskell

Opinion Editor “Hacksaw Ridge” is a harrowing film that spends as much time tugging at your heartstrings as it does shocking you by the horrors of war. Based on the true story, “Hacksaw Ridge” is about pacifist Desmond Doss (Andrew Garfield). He is a medic in the war, and absolutely refuses to take up arms. His commanding officers see this is a form of cowardice, but he just doesn’t want to take a life. Doss has to show a new type of bravery in the army, and show them that violence doesn’t always work. Most war films can be hard to watch at times. “Hacksaw Ridge” is no different. It doesn’t pull any punches or glorify the carnage of war. It’s not stylized or glossy, it’s just harrowing and heartbreaking. A lot of this can be thanked by the strong performances from the cast. Particularly with the lead actor, Andrew Garfield. He’s been a great actor for years, but he gave, perhaps, the best performance of his career. Hugo Weaving, who plays his father, also gives a fantastic performance. It’s not hard to see both these actors nominated for Oscars when the time comes. Mel Gibson directed a fantastic war film that deserves to be compared to the best in the genre. The way this film is directed is just fantastic. There is a strong juxtaposition between the scenes with Teresa Palmer, who plays Garfield’s love interest, and the horror of war. They almost feel like two different films. The war scenes are filled with long tracking shocks that place the audience right in the midst of gunfire. This film was a welcome return to form for “Braveheart” director Mel Gibson. His name might be called when the Oscars air. Overall, this film is a welcome comeback for director Mel Gibson. It’s full of strong performances and beautiful cinematography.

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Sports

The Clarion

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November 16, 2016

Tornados fall 35-6 to Mars Hill in season finale By Joseph Swanson

Athletic Media Relations Director

The Brevard College Tornados (1-10, 0-7 SAC) closed out the 2016 season Saturday afternoon, falling to the Mars Hill Lions (5-6, 3-4 SAC) by a final of 35-6, as the Tornados played their final game at the Division II level. Mars Hill opened the afternoons scoring with 2:36 remaining in the first quarter, driving 80-yards on 13 plays, capped off by a Jamel Harbison 1-yard touchdown run. The Lions go up 14-0 early into the second quarter on a six-yard run by Malik Prescott, ending a six play, 46-yard drive. Brevard would get on the board with 2:52 in the second quarter as sophomore Justin Peck (Fayetteville, Ga.) managed to force the ball out of Mars Hill’s punt returner, Keshaun Taylor, allowing senior Gionni Gibbs (New York, N.Y.) to dive on the loose ball. Senior place-kicker

Dayton Rodgers (Belmont, N.C.) would than put three-points on the board for the Tornados, dialing it up from 43-yards out for his first of two field goals on the afternoon. The Lions would go up 21-3 on their next drive as David Salmon connected with Kedar Bryant from nine-yards out. The Tornados would add three more points before the half as Rodgers capped up a 51-yard, seven play BC drive, connecting on his second 40-plus yard field goal of the afternoon, this one coming on 42-yards out. Mars Hill would add two more second have scores on Harbison touchdown runs to extend their lead to 35-6. Offensively, the Tornados were led by sophomore Jarkevius Hopkins (Mt. Holly, N.C.) who finished with a team-high 66-yards on the ground, while freshman Xavier Brown (Conyers, Ga.) added 64-yards of his own with a long

of 27-yards. Sophomore quarterback Bubba Craven (Pleasant Garden, N.C.) finished six of 11 through the air with 48-yards and one interception. After battling his way back onto the field following an injury, junior Jinsly Jhon (Fort Pierce, Fla.) finished tied for a game-high 12 tackles, 10 of which were unassisted stops. Senior Casey Shubert (Conyers, Ga.) also recorded 10 solo tackles, finishing with 11 total for the game and one sack for a five-yard loss. Sophomore Ashud Moore (Ellenwood, Ga.) who entered the day eight solo tackles shy of tying the Brevard College all-time single season record, finished with eight solo stops for the game, tying with Stanley Jones for a share of the all-time record with 68 solo tackles. Following the move to Division III, scheduled for the fall of 2017, the Tornados football team will begin play in the USA-South Conference.

Tornados fall 75-61 to Southern Wesleyan on final day of Bearcat Classic By Joseph Swanson

Athletic Media Relations Director Junior guard Stevie Williams (High Point, N.C.) finished with a game-high 24 points and six steals as the Brevard College Men’s Basketball team (0-2) fell to the Sourthern Wesleyan Warriors (1-1) by a final of 75-61 in Greenwood, S.C. Williams would finish the afternoon shooting 11 of 21 from the floor, adding two rebound and two assists. Junior Evan Durham (Marietta, Ga.) added 15 points and two assists, while junior Shelby Parris (Burlington, N.J.) contributed nine points in 16 minutes off the bench. Brevard would finish the afternoon with a 16-9 steal advantage over the Warriors, while Southern Wesleyan concluded the contest with a 39-24 rebound discrepancy.

The Tornados and Warriors opened the afternoon trading leads through the first half of action, with Southern Wesleyan leading by as much four points early on at 13-9, while Brevard lead by as much as three on two separate occasions. The first half would feature 12 different lead changes and nine ties as the Warriors took a slight 34-33 advantage into halftime. Following a Tornados basket to open the second half and give BC a 35-34 lead, the Warriors would go on an offensive tear, opening up a 55-41 lead before the Tornados managed to pull back within eight points at 65-57. Southern Wesleyan closed out the afternoon on a 10-4 scoring run to take a 75-61 decision. The Tornados will return back to action this coming Wednesday, November 16 as they open Boshamer Gymnasium with a showdown with future USA-South opponent the Pfeiffer Falcons at 7 p.m. Photo Courtesy of BC Athletic Media Relations