The Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on the ... - bibsys brage

Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences ... the gathered information varies, thus questioning the validity of the data, and the fact that there is ..... Figure 6: Job Opportunities Created through Local and Foreign Firms . ..... technology transfer are significant in economic development. ...... Bachelor's degree Master's degree.
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The Effects of Foreign Direct Investment on the Ugandan Economy A case study of the impact of foreign direct investment in Uganda with an emphasis on employment

Sindre Riddervold

Supervisor Stein Kristiansen

This Master’s Thesis is carried out as a part of the education at the University of Agder and is therefore approved as a part of this education. However, this does not imply that the University answers for the methods that are used or the conclusions that are drawn. University of Agder, 2011 Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences Department of Development Studies

Abstract Many developing economies have endeavored to encourage Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in a bid to facilitate economic growth. Uganda has remained ahead of several other African economies in offering incentives and creating a favorable environment for foreign investors. In spite of the discouragement caused by the tyrannical regime of Idi Amin from 1971 to 1979, foreign investors still find Uganda a favorable place for investment. This has been enhanced by the government’s efforts to attract investors through many favorable investment policies. Foreign Direct Investment usually has significant effects on any economy and this paper presents a case study of the effects of Foreign Direct Investment in Uganda with an emphasis on employment. It presents answers to the questions of; what the level of FDI is in Uganda, how many people are employed in the foreign companies, the type of foreign investments in the country as well as which sectors receive most investment. However, there is a conflict in the findings of the effects of FDI in the Ugandan labor market as the gathered information varies, thus questioning the validity of the data, and the fact that there is still a need for 15 million jobs to be created, implying that FDI is not the sole solution for economic development through employment generation. Furthermore this study suggests that a range of factors need to be taken into consideration to understand the effects of FDI on the Ugandan economy. The quality of labor, standard of living, skills, human resource retaining capacity of the local market, wages, etc. determine the success of employment generation. The study concludes that additional valid primary data should be gathered to answer the research questions satisfactory as there seems to be conflicts in perspectives of its effects on local employment. Nevertheless, this study should provide a point of departure for further research on the topic.

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Acknowledgments My gratitude goes to my dear friends Mr. Godfrey Kagisa and Mr. Andrew Tumusiime for their valuable help, including proof-reading, improvement of the language as well as assisting me with the collection of data. You are both extremely bright and hardworking. I would also like to thank my assigned supervisor at UiA Mr. Stein Kristiansen for answering questions swiftly when I e-mailed him for advice/feedback. Last, but certainly not least, I would like to express thanks to the whole country of Uganda and all her wonderful people for welcoming me in their country time after time and hopefully many times to come.

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Table of contents Acknowledgments .............................................................................................................. 2 List of Figures ................................................................................................................... 5 Definitions ........................................................................................................................ 6 1.0 Introduction ................................................................................................................. 7 1.1 Introduction to Foreign Direct Investment ......................................................................................7 1.2 Study objectives ..............................................................................................................................9 1