The Evidence Base on Lifelong Guidance A GUIDE TO KEY FINDINGS FOR EFFECTIVE POLICY AND PRACTICE
ELGPN Tools No. 3
The Evidence Base on Lifelong Guidance: a Guide to Key Findings for Effective Policy and Practice
This is an Evidence Guide commissioned by the European Lifelong Guidance Policy Network (ELGPN), a Member State network in receipt of EU financial support under the Lifelong Learning Programme. The views expressed are those of the author, approved by the ELGPN, and do not necessarily reflect the official position of the European Commission or any person acting on behalf of the Commission. The guide has been prepared by Professor Tristram Hooley (University of Derby, UK) with the support of the members and partners of the ELGPN, the International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy (ICCDPP) and the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance (IAEVG).
© The European Lifelong Guidance Policy Network (ELGPN) Co-ordinator 2013–14: University of Jyväskylä, Finland Finnish Institute for Educational Research (FIER) http://elgpn.eu [email protected]
Cover and graphic design: Martti Minkkinen / Finnish Institute for Educational Research (FIER) Layout: Kaija Mannström / Finnish Institute for Educational Research (FIER) ISBN 978-951-39-5833-6 (printed version) ISBN 978-951-39-5834-3 (pdf ) Printed by Saarijärven Offset Oy Saarijärvi, Finland 2014
Using this guide The guide begins with a two-page summary that is designed to give a top-level overview of evidence for the effectiveness of lifelong guidance and implications for system design. This is followed by an extended summary which distils the main policyrelevant messages. The subsequent main body of the guide explores these issues in more detail and provides a series of evidence case-studies with references to support further investigation. To help the reader to navigate through this material, a number of textual features are used:
This guide is aimed at policy-makers, though practitioners and researchers may also find it useful. It builds on existing work by the European Lifelong Guidance Policy Network (ELGPN), including the Quality Assurance and Evidence (QAE) Framework which provides an approach for policy-makers to address quality assurance and evidence-based policy and system development. The guide synthesises the existing evidence on the impact of lifelong guidance and suggests how policy-makers might want to make use of this evidence and contribute to its development. The guide, produced by ELGPN, is aimed primarily at policy-makers in Europe, so European examples are used where possible. But it has been prepared in collaboration with the International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy, enabling it to include relevant studies conducted in Australia, Canada, the USA and other non-European countries. These are used where European examples cannot be found or to supplement these examples. It is hoped that this will also make the guide of interest to a wider international audience. The guide draws together what is already known and aims to present it in a way that is accessible to policy-makers. In order to do this, the main messages are summarised and illustrated with key examples drawn from the literature.
Summaries of the material in a chapter or a section are denoted by bold and italic text in a light grey box. Key literature reviews which summarise the evidence in a particular area are denoted by a light blue background in a box. Such reviews typically draw on a number of pieces of research. Specific examples of research studies that have been undertaken in the area are denoted by an orange background in a box.
Full references are given for all documents or publications on the first occasion that they are mentioned in the main guide, and also at the end of the guide. The summaries do not include references.
Contents Using this guide................................